Volume 9, Issue 9, September 2018 Edition


Publication for Volume 9, Issue 9, September 2018.


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Factors Influencing Physical Therapy Students Decision To work With Elderly People[ ]


Older people are usually defined according to variety of characteristics: chronological aging, modification in social role and useful in activities. In low- resourced circumstances with shorter life span, older people are defined as over age of 50. Objective: The objective of this study is to find factors that influence physical therapy students’ decision to work with elderly people.

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Electricity Genaration through Bio-waste and Solar: An Alternate Way to Mitigate the Electricity Demand for Individual Owner House in Remote Areas of Bangladesh[ ]


Electricity is the main reason behind the evaluation of human civilization. Modern social systems are goodly dependent on electricity. But for the population growth, electricity generation cost, and limited resource are the cause of ‘power crisis’, commonly known term in recent days. In view of Bangladesh, to meet this electricity demand of this vast population is not possible only for the government. As the electricity is generated through in it’s conventional rule andits maintenance, transmission, distribution is costly, most of the rural areas are deprived of electricity. In this countrified areas own initiative power generation can be the possible way to meet their daily electricity demand.

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The Importance of VLANs and Trunk Links in Network Communication Areas[ ]


In this paper a new modern network design based on VLAN implementation was presented. The network was separated in to different VLANs to represent the performance of three departments in a university building. In addition, the paper discusses the impact of VLAN implementation on network performance and shows the security satisfaction approach in any filed. Furthermore, three different VLAN types identified by default, native, and management VLANs were presented. The results of the packet tracer software confirms that network separation based on VLAN methodology isolates the broadcast traffics of the devices regardless their existence in the same region with different network classification, even though all the devices of the regions can share the same cable and switch. As a final result, the creation of VLANs is important for data and traffic management in order to keep the broadcast frequency valid as long as the LAN increases and more network devices are added.

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Chemical Composition of Essential Oil Extracted from Urtica pilulifera and Evaluation Its Biological Activity[ ]


The essential oil has been extracted from the aerial parts of Urtica pilulifera from Urticacea family collected in south west of Hama in Syria by hydro-distillation using Clavenger type apparatus. The composition, the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the essential oil was achieved and characterized by means of GC-MS and comparing with the references in the literature. A total of 45 compounds of the essential oil were characterized. The major compounds in the oil was dominated by four compounds representing the majority of the components: (-) Limonene (1.24%), 1,8-Cineole (8.20%), 3-Carene (3.76%), (+) Limonene (6.76%), Terpinene (2.41%), Vanillin (1.70%), Butyl acetate (3.23%), 1,2-Benzene dicarboxylic acid (13.50%), 7-Acetyl-6-ethyl-1,1,4,4-tetramethyltetralin (19.61%). The other compounds were mostly presented in low amounts. The biological effects of aromatic oil were studied on some pathogenic bacteria including: Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli.

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Utilization of Limestone Quarries Powder Waste to Develop Sustainable Self-Compacting Concrete[ ]


In limestone quarries, Large quantities of limestone powder (LP) waste are accumulated annually during the operation of these quarries. The utilization of this LP waste for a clean production of low cost and sustainable self-compacting concrete (SCC) represents significant environmental and economic leap.

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A NOTE ON DECOMPOSABLE TOPOLOGICAL SPACES AND SUB-TOPOLOGICAL SPACES[ ]


In this note we introduce the concept of a decomposable topological space and sub-topological spaces and investigate the fundamental concepts in classical topological spaces for the decomposable topological spaces and sub-topological spaces. We shall also investigate some basic results concerning decomposable topological spaces and sub-topological spaces.

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New combined topical therapy for refractory rosacea[ ]


The main pathogenetic aspects of rosacea, various classifications of the dermatose and the modern clinical classification are presented. The symptoms of different forms of rosacea are described. Contradictions of modern scientific concepts of different researchers, approaches to etiology, pathogenesis and treatment are discussed.

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From Chomsky on: an Analysis of Skinner & Chomsky Intersections[ ]


Skinner and Chomsky were both prominent figures of scientific and linguistic research during the second half of the last century. The criticism of the latter over the former meant a shift in the way both science and linguistics were to be researched from then on. However, there seem to be inconsistencies between this criticism and the way some words are used years later. From this point on, we try to question the whole path of modern linguistics and conceive a deeper way to see common words. However, the aim is not to go back to behavior-based approaches but to go one step further, from Chomsky on, hopefully.

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The Impact of bariatric surgery for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus[ ]


Diabetes is the big problem of this developing world. In this review we discuss bariatric surgery types to better understand the mechanism of surgery impact and its effectiveness. Detailed searches of the literature were performed on MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, with the timeframe up to May, 2018. Conventional bariatric treatments are being used worldwide to deal with Type 2 diabetes in association with obesity, and progressively among less obese or just overweight patients.

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Imaging methods in diagnosis of bladder cancers[ ]


Urinary bladder cancer is a heterogeneous disease with a variety of pathologic features, cytogenetic characteristics, and natural histories. This review discusses improvements in staging, with particular focus on the most recent advances in imaging techniques for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Narrative review search was performed in July 2018 using the PubMed and Embase databases for articles discussing the imaging methods in detection of bladder cancer. Early discovery of bladder cancer is essential, because up to 47% of bladder cancer-- relevant fatalities may have been avoided.

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A review on: Actions of polyamine on abiotic stresses in rice[ ]


The abiotic stresses in environment are the main cause for the growth, development and production of rice (Oryza sativa) loss worldwide. Polyamines are small, low molecular weight and positively charge molecules that are present in all living organisms and have strong binding capacity to negatively charged molecules (DNA, RNA and Proteins).

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POETRY AS A VALUABLE TOOL FOR CLIMATE CHANGE EDUCATION FOR GLOBAL SUSTAINABILITY[ ]


Climate change education is vital for preparing communities, countries and continents for the impacts of climate change and to learn how to adapt and mitigate effectively for global sustainability. Poetry has been discovered through our literature and participant observation as a valuable tool for climate change education which will enable us to achieve the sustainable development goals. This study explores how poetry can be effectively and efficiently used in climate change education which in turn brings about sustainable development.This paper is therefore, a clarion call for us to rise to our responsibility for global sustainability using poetry as a valuable tool for climate change education.

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Possibility of Growing Cauliflower In The Plains of Southern Kerala[ ]


Significant differences were observed among the sowing dates for incidence of physiological disorders and November 1st sowing recorded the least. Least incidence of physiological disorders like riceyness, leafiness, hairiness and buttoning was observed for NS 60N, G 45, Himpriya 60 Himshort and Pusa Meghna. Least incidence of important biotic stress factors like leaf caterpillar (Spodoptera litura), Alternaria blight (Alternaria brassicae), soft rot (Pythium sp.) and Choanephora rot (Choanephora sp.). was observed in November 1st sowing. Among the varieties low incidence of these pests and diseases were noticed in NS 60N, Himpriya 60, G 45 and Himshort. It was also noticed that the crop gave better yield when the minimum and maximum temperature during curd initiation stage was 20.8oC and 30.6oC respectively which coincided with the November 1st sowing.

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TO RETAIN MARKET INTEGRITY AND INVESTORS’ PROTECTION: THE ROLE OF WHISTLEBLOWER (IN DETECTION INSIDER TRADING, MARKET MANIPULATION & FRAUDS), THEIR PROTECTION AND INCENTIVE PORGAMME: A STUDY IN PAKISTAN[ ]


In Pakistan most of the employees do not want to expose the wrongdoings of their employer as a study was conducted by Sajid Bashir, Hamid Rafique Kalttak, Ayesha Hanif and Sara Naseer Khokhar in his article “Whistle-blowing on public sector organization: evidence from Pakistan” described that 63% employees did not want to expose the wrongdoing of their employers. Employees knows that if they do so, they will face harm such as retaliation, job loss, demotion and personal threat Etc.

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THE IMPACT OF DERMINING FACTORS (Effective Corporate Governance, Experienced & Efficient Management, Fair Audit & Reliable Financial Data / Statements) BY REDUCING AGENCY PROBLEMS & CONTROLLING CORRUPTION ON THE REPUTATION OF THE LISTED COMPANIES IN PAKISTAN STOCK EXCHNAGE FOR INVESTOR’S ATTRACTION AND STOCK MAXIMIZATION[ ]


Upswing in delisting & suspending of the listed companies in Pakistan invigorated to investigate how to resolve this issue and after deliberate understanding factors; Effective Corporate Governance, Experienced & Efficient Management, Fair Audit and Reliable Financial Data / Statements were determined to check the impact by resolving agency problems and controlling corruption on the reputation to attract investors and stock maximization of the listed companies in Pakistan.

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High level of services in Cloud Infrastructure[ ]


The quality of service is the major issue in every field, but in the cloud the resource are scattered in different places so it has to be assured that the delay should be less the consumption of bandwidth should be less wasted the response time should be less, all the resources work properly whenever something is needed it should provide high class of services. The main factor that effects the quality of services should take into account so the problem will be rectified and the best services should be given.

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Reservation in education – a tool of social transformation?[ ]


India, is the world’s 2nd largest populated country and hosts pluralism in culture, religion, ethnicity, language and multilayered caste system which often imposes challenges on the Indian government to structure and manage a harmonious society.

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SYNTHESIS AND OPTIMIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON FROM WASTE TEA USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY TECHNIQUE FOR THE ADSORPTION OF METRONIDAZOLE[ ]


Waste tea activated carbon (WTAC) was produced at optimum condition through chemical activation of potassium hydroxide (KOH) for the adsorption of Metronidazole (MNZ) at various conditions. Response surface methodology statistical technique was used to optimized the preparation conditions using central composite design (CCD). The preparation conditions are activating temperature, activating time and impregnation ratio (IR) with percentage yield and percentage removal as targeted response.

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EFFECT OF DIETARY GARLIC POWDER ON THE HAEMATOLOGY AND CHOLESTEROL LEVEL OF JAPANESE QUAIL[ ]


A sixteen (16) weeks feeding trial was conducted to assess the response of Japanese Quails to dietary supplementation of garlic on haematology and cholesterol levels. One hundred and forty-four (144) day old quail chicks were used for the experiment.

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METHOD DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION ON HPLC-RP HPLC ON GYMNEMIC ACID[ ]


The aim of present study is to develop and validate a simple, precise and rapid HPLC method for the quantification of gymnemic acid in Gymnema sylvestre extracts and formulations. The analysis was performed by reverse-phase on HPLC chromatography on a Phenomenex Gemini-NX-5 µm C18with isocratic elution of Methanol: Phosphate buffer 0.005M pH 3.5 (70:30) at a flow rate of 1.0mL/min. The method was validated in terms of precision, specificity, selectivity, linearity, limit of quantitation and detection, accuracy, recovery, and stability as per the ICH guidelines.

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A Survey on Reliable Path Discovery in MANET[ ]


MANET (Mobile Ad-hoc Network) is a self-configuring, infrastructure-less, distributed and wirelessly connected network of mobile devices that can arbitrarily change their geographic locations such that these networks have dynamic topologies, which are composed of bandwidth, constrained wireless links. One of the major challenges in MANET is link failure during communication due to a mobility of nodes, residual energy of nodes, and lifetime of the link. This paper gives a general survey of different existing techniques to address this challenge and contribution to solving this problem. In this paper, we present a technique of Link stability by discovering the most reliable path for communication in MANET. For Stable Path Selection, our technique uses a combination of AODV (Reactive routing protocol for Local Link Repair) with Coordinate-based routing protocol and Received signal strength of node. In this survey, we present a comparison of various existing mechanisms and provide the best way to improve the link stability lifetime, delivery ratio, efficiency, and diminish end-to-end delay in high mobility cases.

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Exploring Congestion Control Mechanism of TCP Variants over Wired & Wireless Networks[ ]


A reliable end to end communication is a buzzword that is promised by the transport layer protocol TCP. TCP, a Reliable transport protocols are tuned to perform well in different networks but, packet losses occur mostly because of congestion. TCP contains several mechanisms (such as slow start, congestion avoidance, fast retransmit and fast recovery) for ensuring reliability. However, it has reached its limitation in some challenging network environments like-High speed communication, Communication over different media. Thus, it requires further analysis and development of congestion control algorithms. In this paper, we have explored the reliability and robustness of TCP variants (Tahoe, Reno, New-Reno, SACK, FACK and TCP VEGAS, HSTCP, CUBIC TCP) based on different parameters such as throughput, end-to-delay, jitter and packet drop ratio over wired and wireless networks. We have also compared and discussed different congestion control and avoidance mechanisms of TCP variants to show how they affect the throughput and efficiency of different network environments.

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Development of novel jute based composite material for radiation shielding applications[ ]


Polymer composites have become attractive candidates for developing materials that can be designed to effectively attenuate photon or particle radiation. In this work, polymer composites reinforced with easily available materials have been developed for their use in radiation shielding applications. Sample 1 has a density of 13.412 g/cm3 with 2.605 mm thickness containing polyethylene, boric acid, lead and jute. Sample 2 with a density of 2.997 g/cm3 and 3.875 mm thickness was developed adding silica with sample 1. For the first sample, boric acid and polyethylene was mixed together. Lead sheets were used as outer layers with jute slice in the middle. For the second sample, silica was added with the boundary material of previous sample.Heat press was employed for developing the composite as it provides great control and consistency of temperature, pressure and timing. Finally, Monte Carlo Particle code was utilized for testing the shielding materials.

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ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND ATTITUDE TO WORK: A DESIDERATION TO SOCIAL STUDIES STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN CALABAR EDUCATION ZONE, CROSS RIVERSTATE, NIGERIA[ ]


This study investigated teachers’ motivation and attitude to work: a desideration to social studies students’ academic performance in Calabar education zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted for the study. Two data collection instruments titled, Teachers Motivation and Attitude to Work Questionnaire (TMAWQ) and Social Study Achievement Test (SSAT) were used in the study. A split half reliability estimate of the instruments was determined through trial testing with reliability indices of .85 and .89. Two hundred (200) teachers and 200 students were selected using simple and stratified random sampling techniques.

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Consumer preference on the meat of local male duck fed with additives liquid turmeric filrate-loaded nanocapsule in ration[ ]


Consumer preference for duck meat product should be the primary consideration in production. The study aimed to investigate the effect of additional liquid turmeric filtrate (LTFN) as the phytobiotic in ration on consumer preference. The study was conducted in one-way completely randomized design. Sixty-three local male ducks aged 6-10 weeks were allotted to seven treatments, each with three repetitions to four ducks. The formulation of addition NKFCs was as follows: negative control / basal ration (BR) + LTFN 0% (P1), BR + LTFN 1% (P2), BR + LTFN 2% (P3), BR + LTFN 3% (P4), BR + LTFN 4% (P5), dan BR + LTFN 5% (P6), BR + LTFN 6% (P7). The variables of preference / organoleptic properties included color, aroma, texture, tenderness, flavor and palatability. The result of the study showed that the additional LTFN significantly affected (P<0.05) all the preference variables but did not significantly affected (P>0.05) the aroma of local male duck meat. In conclusion, 0-3% of LTFN in ration was the optimum dose to produce the quality duck meat preferred by the consumers.

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Prime Conjecture[ ]


Ever thought that what if you have a progression or sequence for Prime number? As you know that there are many works regarding Prime Numbers and always found some groundbreaking results at end.

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Cyber Attack and Cyber Law[ ]


This Research looks at the current and upcoming developments in Cyber world and discloses Cyber Attack and its effects, types. It also illustrates the Laws in context of Cyber Attack. The laws consist components like extent, jurisdiction and IT law 2000 (India). It further consists Analysis and Conclusion and various Ideas or thinking’s to counter cyber Attack and to strengthen the Cyber Law.

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Graduates Higher Education and Career Interlink of the College of Arts and Sciences of Central Bicol State University of Agriculture-Calabanga Campus[ ]


A purpose-driven and effective tertiary education and training system is basic to generating competent and essential high-level skills, values, and knowledge vital for the socio-economic development of a country. The study traced the Bachelor of Arts in English Language (ABEL) and Bachelor of Science in Mathematics (BSM) of the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS), Central Bicol State University of Agriculture (CBSUA)- Calabanga Campus who graduated between 2011 to 2015 in terms of their job placement profile and the usefulness, relevance, effectiveness and adequacy of the skills and competencies as well as work-related values to their job placement. A survey method using questionnaire was utilized to 188 respondents.

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EVALUATION OF ANTIVIRAL AND CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY OF CALOTROPIS PROCERA AGAINST FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE VIRUS[ ]


Foot and mouth disease virus is a single-stranded, non-segmented positive sense RNA virus that causes disease in cloven hoofed animals and results in huge economic loss. Calotropis procera, a native of Indian sub-continent, is an erect, branched plant which contains medicinally important chemical constituents having antiviral and antibacterial activity.

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“PAMBIWARA” ART EMPOWERMENT BY KUSUMA SAHID HOTEL PRINCE SURAKARTA[ ]


Pambiwara art is one of the traditional arts that still exists and developed by the Javanese community. At this time an important event with Javanese nuances. The objectives of this study are (1) the use of pranatacara art empowerment carried out by Kusuma Sahid Hotel Prince Surakarta and (2) knowledge of pambiwara art empowerment stage carried out by Kusuma Sahid Hotel Prince; Surakarta. The type of this research is qualitative research.

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Structure, Strategy, and Performance of Indonesian Airlines Toward Open Sky Policy[ ]


The purpose of the study was to test the relationship between organizational structure, competitive strategy, and the airline's performance with the approach of the resource-based view. The purposive samples method used 72 elections airline manager-level respondents in Soekarno-Hatta airport - Jakarta, Juanda airport - Surabaya, I Gusti Ngurah Rai airport - Denpasar, and Sultan Hasanuddin Airport - Makassar. Primary data measure the organizational structure of variable size (dimensions- centralization, existence, enforcement, and complexity), and competitive strategy variables (dimensions- low-cost, differentiation, and full service), to the airline's performance variables (dimensions-operating, financial, market, and system information).

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PREVALENCE AND RELATED FACTORS OF FATIGUE AMONG MIDDLE-AGED AND ELDERLY FEMALE[ ]


Fatigue is a nonspecific and widespread complaint effecting people around the globe. Many researches are available related to fatigue still limited information is available on the topic of prevalence of fatigue among middle-aged women in relation to socioeconomic status, health related variables, and gynecological history especially in Pakistan.

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Effect of transaction costs on the supply of milk to the market for small dairy farmers in Nyagatare District, Rwanda[ ]


Markets are one of the rural development strategies promoted to address the challenge of smallholders’ integration in markets. However, smallholder participation in dairy value chain is low. This study examines effect of transaction costs on supply of milk to the market for small dairy farmers in Nyagatare District, Rwanda. Multi-stage sampling techniques was employed to select 162 households from three sectors in Nyagatare district Eastern Province, Rwanda. Probit model was used to determine transaction cost factors influencing milk supply to the market and gross margin and marketing costs was employed to estimate costs and revenues of data collected through semi-structured questionnaires.

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Designing Decision Support Systems Approaches using Entity/Relationship Data Schema: A Survey[ ]


Data warehouse are used for knowledge extraction and decision support. Their design is based on existing operational systems or needs expressed by users, or both. In order to better understand how approaches use Entity/Relationship data schema to produce multidimensional ones, we studied and presented eight of them. In addition to these approaches, we presented multidimensional canonical partitioning approach, earlier proposed. We compare approaches based on criteria regarding the way they determine multidimensional elements; how they tackle modeling phases; and their automation degree.

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Implementation of Home Automation with Thingspeak Cloud[ ]


Internet of Things or IoT is a recent ongoing revolution in the world of Technology. It involves connecting physical devices to the Internet so that they can perform tasks and be controlled remotely. Most of these devices are connected wirelessly and have greatly reduced human effort. They have led to improved functionality for ordinary appliances and devices which either required repetitive human effort or continuous human control for the device. An extension of IoT is Home Automation, where these IoT devices are used to give smart functionality to certain elements in the home

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Neural network model for the prediction of PM2.5 daily concentrations in Cracow[ ]


The aim of study is to develop artificial neural networks for the air quality prediction, based on pollutants observations for the 2017 year, in Cracow, Poland. Briefly overviewed the stages of development of the neural network models and description of the features. Several parameters such as PM1, PM2.5, PM10, temperature, air pressure and humidity are considered in this study. LSTM neural network models have been found to provide sufficient reliable predictions, which means they are an effective tool for analyzing and predicting air pollution. The performance of the developed model was assessed through a measures.

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