Volume 9, Issue 10, October 2018 Edition


Publication for Volume 9, Issue 10, October 2018.


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A Method for Modal Correction between Simulation and Test[ ]


This paper introduces a common modal correction method, Modal Assurance Criterion. But it has a problem that it cannot handle the issue of the reversed mode. In this present work, when the rudder rotates, it vibrates diversely. The modal shapes of case One are bending first, and twist second. The other ones are twist first, and bending second. And therefore, the modal shapes are applied to optimize, according to the different modal orders. The proposed method of sequentially comparing every modal shape could find potential applications in dynamics problems.

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Effects The Use of Information and Communication Technologies on Educational Development: A Study in Punjab Pakistan[ ]


Technologies enable the students to develop into more independent, concept development and active learners. It helps the teachers to organize the students for the real world environment. It is best and attractive way in teaching and helpful for the slow learners. The purpose of the study was to find out the available technological resources, whether these resources were effective for learning and that can alleviate problems or not. Researcher found that Information and Communication Technologies helps to improve student’s creativity and their innovative learning especially in research project. It is concluded that there should be conduct seminars and conferences for the technological awareness and its importance in our educational system. It is important to implementation of policies for the benefit of students. Technical classes should be given to all classes because this duality of theoretical and practical knowledge enables the students to become Independent learner.

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CLIMATE RESILIENCY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS IN THE DOWN SKIRTS OF MAJOR ABRA RIVER BASIN[ ]


Local government units (LGUs) in the Philippines are confronted with many issues and concerns. Recent years show increasing extremities in weather patterns in the country which is believed to be caused by climate change. Diverse climate has an adverse impact on species, their habitats and the ecosystem in general. Climate change experts anticipate more extreme weather events; but their severity and location are difficult to predict. Its adverse effects are fast becoming a common concern especially to LGUs, which are prime movers of development. Often, LGUs collaborate or merge in order to respond for a common concern, like ecosystem management. Collaboration and/or amalgamation between adjacent LGUs provide greater resources and create a cumulative impact on natural resource management. In the province of Ilocos Sur, the Abra River is a major river basin (MRB) ecosystem that traverses within the jurisdictions of various adjacent LGUs.

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JOURNEY OF MAST CELL FROM PRENEOPLASTIC LESION TO NEOPLASTIC LESION USING MAY GRUNWALD GIEMSA STAIN AND TOLUIDINE BLUE STAIN[ ]


Mast cells are regarded as complex and multifunctional cells, playing a significant role in immunopathology and substantial role in tumor angiogenesis. They are local resident of connective tissue and considered as proinflammatory and produce mitogenic cytokines. These functions may play a significant role in pathogenesis of preneoplastic lesion like Oral lichen planus (OLP) and neoplastic lesion like Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)

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An Experimental Verification for the Existence of Dark Matter and its Fluid Nature[ ]


The existence of dark matter and its fluid nature, has been investigated by using the most general equation of Sagnac interferometer. The paper proves, first, the existence of the dark matter, second, its fluid nature, and third, its vertical flow. The comparison between the interference patterns of both Sagnac and Michelson-Morley interferometers has been investigated to confirm the experimental results.

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Features in Patients with Acquired Lumbar Spinal Stenosis[ ]


Background: Lumbar spinal stenosis often associated with chronic pain describes the abnormal narrowing of the lumbar spinal canal, likely resulting in compression of neural elements within the central spinal canal or the lateral recesses or the root canals or coordinate with each other. The purpose of this study was to describe the plain X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging features of lumbar canal stenosis and to finding MRI addition value when patients with clinical symptom expression but not diagnosed on X-ray. Materials and method:

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Design and Implementation of a Low Power Consuming Air Cooling System for Remote Hospitals to Preserve Essential Medicine and Vaccines[ ]


A solar assisted Air Conditioner (SAC) can be made using components like compressor, condenser, expansion valve and the evaporator. The power can be supplied using grid and also from the solar panel. This work gives a proof of concept of use of solar energy for saving electricity and for places where electricity is not available but AC is need. The targeted room temperature was 16 Degree Celsius to 25 Degree Celsius. A model air conditioner was designed and constructed locally. It was installed and tested to get the required temperature.

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Computer Aided Diagnosis for Parkinson’s disease detection: State-of-the-Art[ ]


Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder occurs at the central nervous system. PD involves the mal- function or death of certain vital nerve cells in the brain called neurons.

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Preparation of Papers for International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research[ ]


The scenario of world is changing. It has grown and is constantly growing at rate that nobody has ever imagined. Not just in economy, but also in terms of population, living standards, technology, transport system, vehicles, pollution, etc. As a result of population growth, there is also increase in number of vehicles on the roads. Money bleeds away in these vehicles and their maintenance works.

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Design and Manufacture of a Diplexer for K/Ka Band Satellite Applications[ ]


In this paper, a compact diplexer for satellite applications is presented. The diplexer is composed of an E- plane T-junction joined together with two filters based on inductive-iris. The overall bandwidth of the full diplexer is 45%. The filters channel Tx and Rx have a relative bandwidth of 14% and 8.3%, respectively. The insertion losses of the diplexer in the Tx-band [19-23 GHz] and in the Rx-band [29-31.5 GHz] are in the order of 0.1 dB, and the isolation between the two rectangular ports Tx and Rx is approximately 120 dB. A prototype K/Ka-band diplexer has also been fabricated. The measurements and simulations results found by Mician microwave wizard EM software are in very good agreement, that demonstrating the validity and manufacturing robustness of the proposed diplexer.

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Interpreting Sindhi Sign Language Using HAAR Algorithm[ ]


Gesture/sign commonly originate from hand signs. No any interpreter required for sign language which helps humans to communicate and interact naturally with each other. By helping of web-cam feature application allows users to show their hand signs which can be understand by deaf person and converted into Sindhi alphabets.

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Investigation of Blood Calcium, Phosphorous and Magnesium Status of Grazing Sheep During Dry and Wet Seasons, Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Libya[ ]


The study aimed to determine the levels of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and magnesium (Mg) in the blood of grazing sheep in dry and wet seasons. Blood samples were collected from a total of 69 animals of both sexes, in October and Mars, and analyzed for Ca, P and Mg. The levels of Ca, P, and Mg were 8.84±1.28, 6.97±2.15, 2.7±0.5 and 11.46±1.9, 8.03±1.5, 2.76±0.5 for dry and wet seasons respectively. Seasons of sampling significantly influenced (p<0.05) Ca and P of sheep serum while Mg was not significantly influenced. The mean blood values of Ca and P were higher in wet season than dry season. The results also showed that sex had no a significant effect (p>0.05) on blood serum mineral concentrations of sheep, while the age influenced these minerals in sheep blood.

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Non Invasive Evaluation of Hepatic Fibrosis in Chronic Hepatitis C Patients[ ]


Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatic fibrosis is considered the common complication of chronic liver damage. Histological evaluation of liver biopsy specimens had to be the gold standard for the assessment of liver fibrosis, however, it may have some technical limitations and a significant risk. For this reason, a simple, non-invasive reliable biomarker is needed to increase the efficiency of the diagnosis of the patients.

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Liver Function Profile of Workers Occupationally Exposed to Flour Dust[ ]


Yam flour grinding is an important small-scale vocation in Nigeria, especially in the South Western part of the country. The process of yam grinding involves crushing of dried yam tuber mechanically in between two metals leading to the generation of dust containing particles of the yam and metals of the mechanical grinders. Since liver is the “factory” of the body, the dust generated is inevitably metabolized in the liver [1]. The cumulative effect of the dust particles on the liver is the focus of this paper.

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Working of Internet of things with image learning [ ]


Internet of things is a very wide area topic because it is the combination of various fields. Like: Cloud, security, privacy and processing, real-time data & information flow with feedback. Internet is base to combine these all things. Learning and automatic communication between machines also known as internet of things. In this research paper, we will discuss that how IOT works in various fields and implement a program to show how internet of things concept start understanding process.

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EVOLUTION OF THE DISSOLVED OXYGEN CONTENT OF WATER DURING THE CONIACIAN-SANTONIAN INTERVAL FROM THE KM WELL OF COTE D'IVOIRE[ ]


The study of foraminifera recovered from 38 cuttings samples from KM well (Cote d'Ivoire sedimentary basin) allowed to describe the paleoenvironment of the interval 2074 m to 1687 m. the samples yielded 258 foraminifera specimens with 32 planktonics (12,4%), 92 agglutinated foraminifera (35,66%) and 134 calcareous benthic (51,94%). Coniacian-Santonian interval was dated by the first occurrences or last occurrences of planktonic foraminifera. The base of this interval is characterized by shallow water and oxygen-poor habitat. The top is marked by deep marine conditions with an increase in dissolved oxygen causing microfossils proliferation both on the bottom and in the water column.

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Investigation of Air pollutant COX, NOX, SOX and NH3 in Heavy Vehicular traffic Areas of Bauchi metropolis, north eastern-Nigeria[ ]


Air samples were measured for the oxides of nitrogen (NOX), oxide of sulphur (SOX), oxide of carbon (COX) and ammonia (NH3) using Gas alert Microclip XT( 1,2,3 and 4) Gas detector and Gasman Detectors from Muda Lawal market, Central market, Gidan Mai,by the motor park, Wunti by the traffic, ATBU by the gate, Awalah by the tipper garage and the control Results obtained showed that the concentrations of NOX range from0.02-0.06ppm, was below USEPA allowable limit (10ppm) SOX 0.02-0.06ppm, exceeded the USEPA allowable limit (0.017ppm) COX 16.00- 34.50ppm, exceeded the USEPA allowable limit (9ppm) and NH3 0.01-0.05ppm. Strong correlation exist between some air pollution indices in the sites with correlation at α = 0.005.Thus the city is not under the threat of traffic pollution. This finding could serve as baseline information for the traffic management policy in the state

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Canonical Correlation Analysis of Academic Quality and Learning Outcomes of Students among Maritime Schools in Region XI: Basis for Skills Enhancement Program[ ]


The pursuit for quality improvement in education service delivery obliged the utilization of quality system standards in the education sector. In fact, representatives of the international community agreed that all countries should pay greater attention towards improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring excellence of all (UNESCO, 2002). This is to ensure substantial achievement of recognized and measurable learning outcomes in schools,, especially in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills (UNESCO, 2002).

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Learning Through the Creativity: A Case Study of Gari Afghana Taxila, Pakistan[ ]


Creative activity is a good platform to encourage the kids toward effective learning. In this study, students' academic competence is checked on a series of 3 levels: Attention, Memory, and Reproduction. The entire societal model agrees that creative activities like audio-video clips, book readings and coloring or drawing activities all boost students’ confidence and motivation for education. They also agree on the point that audio-visual aids grab more attention and kids also recall animated cartoons more than any other activity like paintings and book reading.

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Analysis of asymmetric cryptography in information security based on computational study to ensure confidentiality during information exchange[ ]


Asymmetric cryptography is a cryptographic system in which public and private keys uses as a pair. Public key dispersed publicly and the other side private key known by owner only. Public key is very efficient for authentication as well as for encryption. Public key for encrypt (conversion form data or information to code) and private key for decrypt (reciprocal of encryption or reverse process of encryption) a message.

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Investigation of Simarouba Biodiesel as an alternative fuel for CI Engine : Review[ ]


The simarouba biodiesel is considered as one of the alternative fuels to diesel. This has been taken up to identify the performance and emission characteristics using biodiesel. Necessary for alternative fuels which can be produced from resources available in the country such as biodiesel, alcohol, vegetable oils etc.

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Removal of copper (II) ions from aqueous solution by adsorption on activated carbon prepared from Shell walnuts[ ]


Shell walnuts (SWN) are a local natural abundant agricultural waste in Morocco. The Shell walnuts were investigated as an adsorbent for the removal of copper ions from aqueous solutions. Effects of various parameters such as contact time, particle size and mass of adsorbent, initial pH, and initial concentration of Cu (II) were studied for a batch experiments. The optimal equilibrium time of removal of metal ions is established after 60 minutes.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRATOR AS PREDICTORS OF INSTRUCTIONAL MANAGEMENT LEADERSHIP[ ]


The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of the characteristics of secondary school administrators of Malita, Davao del Sur between instructional management leadership and the characteristics that best predicts instructional management leadership. Results showed that characteristics of secondary school administrators in terms of visionary, as a person, instructional manager, leader of an organization, manager and school-community facilitator had a descriptive rating of high level. On the level of instructional management leadership of secondary school administrators, the indicators had an overall descriptive rating of high level.

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Investigation of the Moulding Properties of Gurara River Bed Sand in Niger State Using Kaolin and Bentonite as Binder[ ]


The study investigated foundry properties of Gurara river bed sand in Niger State for its possible use in sand casting in foundries. Bentonite and kaolin were used as binders. Experimental techniques which included sieve analysis, determination of clay content and refractoriness of river Gurara bed sand and mechanical analysis consisting of green/dry compressive strength, green hardness, permeability and shatter index tests of moulded specimens were conducted to measure foundry properties of the sand.

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Jinnah’s Vision of Pakistan: Ideological or Secular State?[ ]


Jinnah was the most Westernized political leader in all the annals of Indian Islam; no other Muslim political leader could match him in terms of modernity and a modern outlook. First fascinated by the western values of democracy, liberalism and enlightenment, he wanted Pakistani state to be established on the similar pattern with the same values. But later on, having built a deeper insight into Islamic teachings and the inclinations of Muslims towards an Islamic state helped him to come up with the idea of establishing a state based on democracy where Islamic teachings could be upheld as its basic principles.

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PROGRESSIVE COLLAPSE STUDY OF 220KVTRANSMISSION LINE TOWER WITH DIFFERENT BRACING PATTERNS[ ]


India has0huge population0spread all over the country. Electricity is vital for0Residential, Commercial0and Industrial areas. After power generation, power is transmitted through transmission line0towers to distribution systems. Due to increase in0power generation, there is an increase in0transmission line0systems. Progressive collapse is one of the most devastating types of structural failures, most often leading to expensive damages, multiple injuries and possible loss of life. Factors such as unexpected accidental loads, construction errors, miscommunication, poor inspections, or design flaws contribute to these progressive collapses, that have lead to many changes in building codes throughout the nation.

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Parties' autonomy in international commercial arbitration[ ]


The Author has critically examined the parties’ autonomy in international commercial arbitration in every aspect like parties autonomy in formation of arbitration agreement, in law applicable to arbitration, before the arbitrator and during the arbitration in hypothetical view.

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Engine Exhaust System Development & Optimization for FSAE Vehicle[ ]


This paper focuses on ways in which the capabilities of an exhaust system are exploited in improving engine performance of an FSAE vehicle. The exhaust system specifically designed for the engine 2008 Honda CBR 600RR PC40, utilizes literatures on pressure wave propagation in ducts, reflection and transmission of incident pressure wave due to area discontinuity and impedance mismatch and driving point impedance of finite ducts, taking into account sensitive parameters such as temperature gradients which influence speed of propagation of wave and gas momentum variation, in order to determine the optimum dimensions of each exhaust system component, along with engine noise reduction without generation of back-pressure.

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Effect of Short Wave Diathermy (SWD) on Primary Dermal Fibroblast (Normal Human Adult (HDFA))[ ]


Objectives: Effect of shortwave diathermy (SWD) on Primary Dermal Fibroblast (Normal Human Adult (HDFA)) cell proliferation rates by constructed and implemented exposure device was investigated in this study. Materials &Methods: Primary Dermal Fibroblast (Normal Human Adult (HDFA)) cells were plated at known concentrations and incubated for 5 days. Exposure to (SWD), on days (2, 3, & 4) twice daily. After crystal violet staining (day 5), through measuring the optical density and cell count was determined spectro-photometrically.

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The reason to up-take crop insurance in Rwanda from farmer’s perspectives[ ]


Agriculture is a risky enterprise due to its cyclical nature, risk of loss from fires and natural disasters. As a result, it becomes imperative for the farmer to purchase insurance in order to prevent total loss of farm property, yield or revenue through a fall in agricultural prices or other disasters. Despite, the potential of agriculture insurance in Rwanda still levels of uptake in Rwandan farming sector remains low. This study was initiated with the aims to examine the influence of institutional factors on uptake of agriculture insurance in Nyagatare District, Rwanda.

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Distributed Computing in a Hybrid Cloud Environment[ ]


Hybrid clouds have been at the forefront of cloud computing providing better flexibility and interoperability, allowing workloads to move between on-premise servers, private and public clouds. They provide a large number of data deployment options for organisations, helping them make an informed decision on the basis of their requirements ranging from latency and security to control and costs.

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Role of Othello's Jealousy in his Tragedy By William Shakespeare[ ]


This article is basically an attitudinal study of Shakespeare’s famous character Othello and throws light on Othello as a character in the play in detail. There are various misconceptions and charges against Othello as a jealous character. This article is aimed at countering that claim. What Shakespeare wants to show is not only the jealousy but also certain minute aspects that are often neglected in criticism. There are many other things, which contribute a lot in Othello’s tragedy and constitute the main action of the play. Jealousy has very little to do with Othello’s tragedy. Throughout the play there is no direct physical clash between Cassio and Othello which could prove that Othello was influenced by Cassio at all. We are shown Iago arousing sexual jealousy in Othello and giving dramatic imagery to his venomous tongue. The skillful Iago traps Othello.

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IMPLEMENTING LIFI PROTOCOLS[ ]


LI-FI is the latest technology in the Field of wireless communication. Nowadays many people are using internet to fulfill most of their tasks through wired or wireless networks. As the number of users is increasing, the rate of data transmission in the wireless network automatically decreases. WI-FI provides us speeds near about 150mbps as per IEEE 802.11n but still it is not able to fulfill the requirement of the user because of such reason we are introducing the LI-FI. According to the German physicist Harald Hass, LI-FI provides much higher data transmission speeds (10gbps and max up to 224gbps per second) by using visible light. In this condition the LI-FI/WI-FI is analyzed.

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Improving Gasoline Efficiency through Blending with Bio-Ethanol Produced from Saw Dust[ ]


This research work investigated the suitability of blending bio-ethanol produced from saw dust with gasoline as a source of automobile fuel. The bio-ethanol was produced using fermentation and distillation processes and prepared for blending by making it conform to the American Standard of Testing and Material (A.S.T.M). Engine trails involved combinations of various ratios of gasoline/bio-ethanol as fuel in a small unmodified gasoline engine connected to a dynamometer.

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Pre -diagnosis of Renal Failure in patients with Diabetes Mellitus[ ]


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease. About 1 out of 4 adults with diabetes has kidney disease.

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L’ordonnateur : Une pièce maitresse dans l’exécution des recettes et des dépenses publiques au Maroc[ ]


The execution chain of public expenditure and revenue operations involves several actors such as the public accountant, the financial controller and the authorizing officer. In the current dynamics of reforms, the latter occupies an increasingly important place that fosters a debate about the nature of this function, the extent and limits of the financial powers that it provides, the attribute of the regime (frequently qualified as unbalanced compared to that of other stakeholders) of its owner and the mechanism of his putting into play.

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laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy assessment of different operative techniques[ ]


Background: Obesity is one of the most common global health problems. There are many bariatric surgeries to achieve the desirable weight loss. These operations are classified as restrictive, malabsorptive and mixed one. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is considered to be the second common bariatric surgeries after RYGB. We aim to assess the different techniques to do this operation including the reinforcement of the staple line by oversewing method. The antral preservation or antral resection laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, the postoperative outcomes and long-term results regarding complications and improvement of comorbidities for these different techniques.

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Characteristics CuAlS2 thin films grown by Vacuum Thermal Evaporation Technique for Solar cell devices[ ]


CuAlS2 thin films of thicknesses 118 ± 5 nm were deposited on glass substrates using chemical bath deposition technique (CBD). The details of the preparation method are well described. The method is relatively simple and is easily controlled and sufficient to produce large area and good adherence to the substrate films. Effect of annealing temperature Ta on the structure, and optical properties of CuAlS2 films were investigated. CuAlS2 thin films of thicknesses 118 ± 5 nm were deposited on glass substrates using chemical bath deposition technique (CBD).

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The application of the Lorenz curve in identifying infrastructural deficiencies in the tourist offer of the Republic of Croatia[ ]


This paper demonstrates the application of the Lorenz curve and the Gini coefficient in identifying infrastructural deficiencies in the tourist offer of the Republic of Croatia. In the category of infrastructural development, road traffic is the most dominant form of tourist transport in Croatia. With the construction of the Lorenz curve and calculating the Gini coefficient we can detect the uneven development of the road network and identify it as an infrastructural deficiency.

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