IJSER Home >> Journal >> IJSER
International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 6    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 3,Issue 6,June 2012
Biodiesel Production and its Emissions and Performance: A Review[
Full Text(PDF, )  PP.32-37  
Author(s)
Ambarish Datta and Bijan Kumar Mandal
KEYWORDS
Biodiesel, Transesterification, Production, Emissions, Performance, Global warming, Environmental pollution.
ABSTRACT
This paper presents a brief review on the current status of biodiesel production and its performance and emission characteristics as compression ignition engine fuel. This study is based on the reports on biodiesel fuel published in the current literature by different researchers. Biodiesel can be produced from crude vegetable oil, non-edible oil, waste frying oil, animal tallow and also from algae by a chemical process called transesterification. Biodiesel is also called methyl or ethyl ester of the corresponding feedstocks from which it has been produced. Biodiesel is completely miscible with diesel oil, thus allowing the use of blends of petro-diesel and biodiesel in any percentage. Presently, biodiesel is blended with mineral diesel and used as fuel. Biodiesel fueled CI engines perform more or less in the same way as that fueled with the mineral fuel. Exhaust emissions are significantly improved due the use of biodiesel or blends of biodiesel and mineral diesel
References
[1] Y.C.Sharma and Bhaskar Singh, ―A hybrid feedstock for a very efficient preparation of biodiesel‖, Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 91, pp. 1267–1273,2010.

[2] C.Ilkılıç, S.Aydın, R.Behcet, H.Aydin, ―Biodiesel from safflower oil and its application in a diesel engine‖, Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 92, pp. 356–362, 2011.

[3] S.Saka and D.Kusdiana, ―Biodiesel fuel from rapeseed oil as prepared in supercritical methanol‖, Fuel, vol. 80, pp. 225-231,2001.

[4] B.K.Venkanna and C. Venkataramana Reddy, ―Biodiesel production and optimization from Calophyllum inophyllum linn oil (honne oil) – A three stage method‖, Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, pp. 5122–5125, 2009.

[5] Shiwu Li,Yunpeng Wang, Shengwu Dong,Yang Chen, Fenghua Cao, Fang Chai,Xiaohong Wang, ―Biodiesel production from Eruca Sativa Gars vegetable oil and motor, emissions properties‖, Renewable Energy, vol. 34, pp. 1871– 1876, 2009.

[6] A.S.Ramadhas, S. Jayaraj, C.Muraleedharan, ―Biodiesel production from high FFA rubber seed oil‖, Fuel, vol. 84, pp. 335–340, 2005.

[7] C. Oner and S.Altun, ―Biodiesel production from inedible animal tallow and an experimental investigation of its use as alternative fuel in a direct injection diesel engine‖, Applied Energy, vol. 86, pp.2114–2120, 2009.

[8] S. V. Ghadge and H.Raheman, ―Biodiesel production from mahua (Madhuca indica) oil having high free fatty acids‖, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 28, pp. 601– 605, 2005.

[9] S.Godiganur, C.H.Suryanarayana Murthy, R. P.Reddy, ―6BTA 5.9 G2-1 Cummins engine performance and emission tests using methyl ester mahua (Madhuca indica) oil/diesel blends‖, Renewable Energy, vol. 34, pp. 2172–2177, 2009.

[10] B.Baiju, M.K. Naik, L.M. Das, ―A comparative evaluation of compression ignition engine characteristics using methyl and ethyl esters of Karanja oil‖, Renewable Energy, vol. 34, pp. 1616–1621, 2009.

[11] Md. N.Nabi, Md. M.Rahman, Md. S.Akhter, ―Biodiesel from cotton seed oil and its effect on engine performance and exhaust emissions‖, Applied Thermal Engineering , vol. 29, pp. 2265–2270, 2009.

[12] L.Zou and S.Atkinson, ―Characterising vehicle emissions from the burning of biodiesel made from vegetable oil‖, Environmental Technology, Vol. 24, pp. 1253-1260, 2003

[13] P.K.Sahoo, L.M.Das, M.K.G.Babu, P.Arora, V.P.Singh, N.R.Kumar, T.S.Varyani, ―Comparative evaluation of performance and emission characteristics of jatropha, karanja and polanga based biodiesel as fuel in a tractor engine‖, Fuel, vol. 88, pp. 1698–1707, 2009.

[14] C.D.Rakopoulos, K.A.Antonopoulos, D.C.Rakopoulos, D.T. Hountalas, E.G.Giakoumis, ―Comparative performance and emissions study of a direct injection Diesel engine using blends of Diesel fuel with vegetable oils or biodiesels of various origins‖, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 47, pp. 3272–3287, 2006.

[15] I.Çelikten, A. Koca, M.Ali Arslan, ―Comparison of performance and emissions of diesel fuel, rapeseed and soybean oil methyl esters injected at different pressures‖, Renewable Energy, vol. 35, pp. 814–820, 2010.

[16] H.Raheman and A.G.Phadatare, ―Diesel engine emissions and performance from blends of karanja methyl ester and diesel‖, Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 27, pp. 393 –397, 2004.

[17] E.Buyukkaya, ―Effects of biodiesel on a DI diesel engine performance, emission and combustion characteristics‖, Fuel, vol. 89, pp. 3099–3105, 2010.

[18] M.Gumus, ―A comprehensive experimental investigation of combustion and heat release characteristics of a biodiesel (hazelnut kernel oil methyl ester) fueled direct injection compression ignition engine‖, Fuel, vol. 89, pp. 2802–2814, 2010.

[19] D. Laforgia and V.Ardito, ―Biodiesel Fueled IDI Engines: Performances, Emissions and Heat Release Investigation‖, Bioresource Technology, vol. 51, pp. 53-59, 1995.

[20] Z. Utlua and M. S. Kocak, ―The effect of biodiesel fuel obtained from waste frying oil on direct injection diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions‖, Renewable Energy, vol. 33, pp. 1936–1941, 2008.

[21] H. Raheman and S.V.Ghadge, ―Performance of diesel engine with biodiesel at varying compression ratio and ignition timing‖, Fuel, vol. 87, pp. 2659–2666, 2008

[22] H. Raheman and S.V.Ghadge, ―Performance of compression ignition engine with mahua (Madhuca indica) biodiesel‖, Fuel, vol. 86, pp. 2568–2573, 2007.

[23] C.Kaplan, R.Arslan, Al.Sürmen, ―Performance Characteristics of Sunflower Methyl Esters as Biodiesel‖, Energy Sources, Part A, vol. 28, pp. 751–755, 2006.

[24] C. Has-imoglua, M.Cinivizb, I.Ozserta, Y.Icingurc, A.Parlaka, M. S.Salman, ―Performance characteristics of a low heat rejection diesel engine operating with biodiesel‖, Renewable Energy, vol. 33, pp. 1709–1715, 2008.

[25] D.H.Qi, L.M.Geng, H.Chen, Y.ZH.Bian, J.Liu, X.CH.Ren, ―Combustion and performance evaluation of a diesel engine fueled with biodiesel produced from soybean crude oil‖, Renewable Energy, vol. 34, pp. 2706–2713, 2009.

[26] M.Canakci, ―Combustion characteristics of a turbocharged DI compression ignition engine fueled with petroleum diesel fuels and biodiesel‖, Bioresource Technology, vol. 98, pp. 1167–1175, 2007.

[27] Y.C.Sharma, B.Singh, S.N.Upadhyay, ―Advancements in development and characterization of biodiesel: A review‖, Fuel,vol.87, pp. 2355–2373, 2008.

Untitled Page