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International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 9    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 3,Issue 9,September 2012
Wind Power: An Untapped Renewable Energy Resource in Nigeria
Full Text(PDF, )  PP.81‐84  
Author(s)
Amina I. Saddik, Nafi'u Tijjani and Bilyaminu Alhassan
KEYWORDS
Electricity Generation, Horizontal Wind Turbine, Renewable Energy, Vertical Wind Turbine Wind farm
ABSTRACT
Wind power is one of the untapped renewable energy resources in Nigeriawhich requires government, private and individual's participation to harness it, the utilization of this type of energy has been minimal in the country despite the abundance of its enormous resources in different part of the country. The wind speed in the southern and northern Nigeria ranges from 1.4 to 3.0 m/s and 4.0 to 5.12 m/s respectively. Apart from its environmental friendliness, it's also one of the lowest priced renewable energy technologies available today costing between 4-6 cent/KWh depending upon the wind resource and project finance. Windmills were used in Nigeria as early as the mid 1960s, in Sokoto and Garo over 20 homes and schools used windmills to pump water. The following decades saw the prices of fossil fuels drop and therefore with cheap energy, wind power was not an appealing alternative, investment in windmills ceased and the infrastructure deteriorated. Research into the feasibility of wind power in certain regions has suggested the potential for this type of energy sources for power generation, this paper review the situation of wind power in Nigeria and world in general, prospects of wind power and existing wind power project in Nigeria, their location, year of installation, capacity and current situation of the projects. From the review, only four existing project were found in the whole country A 5.0 KW/hWind Power Project in Sayya Gidan-Gada Sokoto, 0.75 KW/h Danjawa Village, 1KW/h, Hybrid Wind-Solar in NCCE, Benin, and finally A I0 MW Wind farm under construction in katsina state.
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