IJSER Home >> Journal >> IJSER
International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 3    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 3,Issue 3,March 2012
Removal of Cr (VI) from Water by Using Activated Carbon prepared from Crotalaria burhia
Full Text(PDF, )  PP.5I0-517  
Author(s)
Suresh Chandra, Kailash Daga, Vinod Vaishnav, Madan Lal, Bhanupriya Mordhiya
KEYWORDS
: Chromium (VI), Adsorption isotherms, Crotalaria burhia
ABSTRACT
The awareness of increasing water pollution implies studies concerning water treatment. Removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater is of primary importance1. With a rapid increase in global industrial activities, pollution derived from the uncontrolled escape of heavy metals such as copper, nickel, chromium and zinc has become serious. The awareness of increasing water pollution implies studies concerning water treatment. The presence of toxic heavy metals such as chromium (VI) contaminants in aqueous streams, arising from the discharge of untreated metal containing effluents into water bodies, is one of the most important environmental problems. Adsorption is one of the effective techniques for chromium (VI) removal from wastewater. Industrial effluent containing Cr (VI) plays an important role in polluting water bodies. The major objective of this paper was to investigate the removal of Cr (VI) from synthetic wastewater using poly vinyl alcohol coated activated carbon prepared from stem of Crotalaria burhia 2. The effect of various parameters such as contact time, adsorbent dosage, initial chromium (VI) concentration and pH has been studied. The chromium (VI) adsorption followed both the Langmuir3and Freundlich's equation isotherms
References
1. APHA, AWWA(1994) Standard Methods for Examination of water and wastewater 19th Edition Washington DC

2. K daga, Adsorption of color from textile wastewater using crotalaria burnia,PMIP,2004-ROURKELA(ORISSA)pp-205-209,2004

3. Langmuir I J 1918, J. Amer. Chem. Society. 40, 1361

4. Freundlich H 1926 Colloid Capillary Chemistry(London; Methuen)

5. Ismadji, S and Bhatia, S. K. Can.J.Chem.Engn. 78: 892-901. 2000.

6. Nassar, M. M. and Magdy, Y. H. Indian Chem. Engr.Section A. 40(1): 27-30. 1999.

7. PARK, S. and JUNG, W.Y. Removal of chromium by activated carbon fibers plated with copper metal. Carbon Sci., 2001, vol. 2, no. 1, p. 15-21.

8. Kapadia, M. J., Farasram, R. P., Desai, D. H. and Bhatt, M. M. Indian J. Environ. Prot. 21(7): 588-595. 2001.

9. Kato, Y., Hiraoka, S., Tada, Y. and Nomura, T. Can J. Chem. Engn. 76: 441-445.

10. Das, C. P. and Patnaik, L. N. Indian J. Environ. Hlth. 43(1): 21-27. 2001.

11. Raji, C. and Anirudhan, T.S. Chromium (VI) adsorption by sawdust: kinetics and equilibrium. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology, 1997, vol. 4, no. 5, p. 228-236.

12. Manassas and M.Elgeundi, JcHEM.Tech.Biotechnol. 50,275(1991).

13. V.Poots, G.McKay and Healy Wat.Res., 10, 1067(1976).

14. S.Mohan and J.Karthikeyan, Environ.Poll. 97,183(1997).

15. M.Aurelia, D.Mihaela, N.Margareata and L.Agenta, Rev Chim., 40,441(1989).

16. M.A.Baig, Bilal Mehmood and Asif Matin* ISSN: 1579-4377 Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem.ISSN 1579-4377 374

Untitled Page