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International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 3    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 3,Issue 3,March 2012
Multiple gene dysfunctions lead to high cancer-susceptibility: evidences from a whole-exome sequencing study
Full Text(PDF, )  PP.489-497  
Author(s)
Soniya priyadharishni.A.K, Dr.M.Sridhar, Dr.M.Rajani
KEYWORDS
— ANAPCI, CARD8, Exome, Ras-MAPK pathw ay, SNP, UTRs, WNT Signaling pathw ay.
ABSTRACT
A total of $275 million has been launched to The Cancer Genome Atlas Project for genomic mapping of more than 20 types of cancers. The major challenge is to develop high throughput and cost-effective techniques for human genome sequencing. We developed a targeted exome sequencing technology to routinely determine human exome sequence. As a proof-of-concept, we chose a unique patient, who underwent three high mortalities cancers, i.e., breast, gallbladder and lung cancers, to reveal the genetic cause of high-cancer-susceptibility. Total 24,545 SNPs were detected. I0,868 (44.27%) SNPs were within coding regions, and 1,077 (4.38%) located in the UTRs. 3367 genes were hit by 4480 non-synonymous mutations in CDS with truncation of 30 proteins; and I0 mutations occurred at the splice sites that would generate different protein isoforms. Substitutions or premature terminations occurred in 132 proteins encoded by cancer-associated genes. CARD8 was completely loss; ANAPC1 was pre-translationally terminated from the transcripts of one allele. On the Ras-MAPK pathway, 18 genes were homozygously mutated. 15 growth factors/cytokines and their receptors, 9 transcription factors, 6 proteins on WNT signaling pathway, and 16 cell surface and extracellular proteins may be dysfunctioned. Exome sequencing made it possible for individualized cancer therapy.
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