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International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 1    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 3,Issue 1,January 2012
Definition, Survey, Monitoring and Efficiency of Directions of Bird-Trapping Nets for Trapping the Bee-eating Birds (Merops: Meropidae) Attacking Honey Bee Colonies
Full Text(PDF, )  PP.234-241  
Author(s)
Ali, M. A. M.
KEYWORDS
Honey bees, Apis mellifera, bee-eating birds, Merops, Merobidae, European bee-eater (Merops apiaster), Olive bee-eater (Merops superciliosus), Green bee-eater (Merops orientalis), definition, survey, monitoring, bird-trapping nets.
ABSTRACT
Experiment was carried out during 2009 and 20R0 in two honey bee apiaries belong to Agricultural Extension Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The results showed that there were three species of bee-eaters belonging to family (Meropidae) in the considered location, European bee-eater (Merops apiaster Linnaeus, 1758); Olive bee-eater (Merops superciliosus Linnaeus, 1766) and Green bee-eater (Meropa orientalis Latham, 1802). The three species recorded were migratory and they were found in the apiaries during two seasons (spring and autumn). In spring, they were first appearance in the bird-trapping nets on March 28, 2009, and on April 02, 20R0, meanwhile, they were last time in the bird-trapping nets on May 01, 2009 and April 20, 20R0. In autumn season, they appeared in the considered apiaries on September 23, 2009 and October 11, 20R0, meanwhile, the last time they were appeared in the apiaries on November 04, 2009 and November 01, 20R0. Results suggest that the direction of bird-trapping nets significantly affected the number of trapped bee-eaters, the placing of bird-trapping nets in the east side of the apiary and above the apiary led to a significant trapping of more of bee-eaters than when placed in west, north and south directions. In addition, no significant difference was found in trapped bee-eaters during the two inspection periods, in the morning (9 am) and in the evening (5 pm).
References
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