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International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 1    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 3,Issue 1,January 2012
Effect of Nanofluids in a Vacuum Single Basin Solar Stil
Full Text(PDF, )  PP.303-309  
M. Koilraj Gnanadason, P. Senthil Kumar, G.Jemilda, S.Raja Kumar
— Solar still; Still basin, Solar radiation, Thermal conductivity; Nanofluid; Nanoparticles; productivity.
Clean water is a basic human necessity and without water life will be impossible. The provision of fresh water is becoming an increasingly important issue in many areas of the world. Among the non-conventional methods to desalinate brackish water or seawater, is solar distillation. The solar still is the most economical way to accomplish this objective. Tamilnadu lies in the high solar radiation band and the vast solar potential can be utilized to convert saline water to potable water. Solar distillation has low yield, but safe and pure supplies of water in remote areas. The attempts are made to increase the productivity of solar still by using different absorbing materials, depths of water, heat storage medium, nanofluids and also by providing low pressure inside the still basin. Heat transfer enhancement in solar still is one of the key issues of energy saving and compact designs. The use of additives is a technique applied to enhance the heat transfer performance of water in the still basin. Recently, as an innovative material, nanosized particles have been used in suspension in conventional solar still water. The fluids with nanosized solid particles suspended in them are called "nanofluids." The suspended metallic or nonmetallic nanoparticles change the transport properties, heat transfer characteristics and evaporative properties of the base fluid. Nanofluids are expected to exhibit superior evaporation rate compared with conventional water. The aim of this paper is to analyze and compare the enhanced performance in a vacuum single basin solar still using nanofluids with the conventional water. They greatly improve the rate of evaporation and hence the rate of condensation on the cooler surface.
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[10] Moses Koilraj Gnanadason, Palanisamy Senthil Kumar, Gopal Sivaraman, Joseph Ebenezer Samuel Daniel,‖ Design and Performance Analysis of a Modified Vacuum Single Basin Solar Still‖, Smart Grid and Renewable Energy[SGRE], 2011, 2, 388-395, doi:10.4236/sgre.

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