IJSER Home >> Journal >> IJSER
International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 11    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 2, Issue 11, November 2011
Comparative Evaluation Of Nutritive Value Of Maggots
Full Text(PDF, 3000)  PP.  
B.O. Odesanya, S.O. Ajayi, B.K.O Agbaogun and B. Okuneye
Maggots, livestock, aquaculture, proximate, colorimetry, amino acids
Conventional animal feeds ingredients are mostly imported into Nigeria, occasionally becoming scarce and very expensive. This has encouraged the search for possibly cheaper alternative nutrient sources with no concomitant reduction in nutrition value to the animals. The short life cycle of maggots- the larval stage of flies of the order Diptera (houseflies- Musca domestica) and their production in large biomass (quantity) from materials regarded as waste make them a viable option to explore. This study is an attempt to complement earlier studies on the nutritive value of maggots with a view to establishing average values for the nutrient composition of maggots for use in animal and fish feed using formulations. The maggots in this study were bred on fresh deep litter poultry wastes. The proximate analysis indicated 86.0 ±0.47% moisture content, 10.03 ± 0.44% ash content, 5.89 ± 0.05% crude fibre, 48.0 crude protein, 31.76 ± 0.02% crude fat, 3755 ± 190 kcal/kg energy. Gas Chromatographic analysis of the fatty acids profile revealed lauric acid (69.92%), palmitic acid (2.09%), oleic acid (15.25%) and stearic acid (12.75%). Colorimetric determination of amino acids gave lysine (5.03%) and methionine (2.58%).
1. A.O.A.C (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) (1984). Official methods of Analysis. 14th Edition. S. Williams (Editor). Arlington, V.A. 1102p.

2. AIFP, 2004: Farming Nigeria’s waters: newsletter of the Aquaculture and Inland fisheries Project (AIFP) of the Special Programme for Food Security. Technical Note No. 5, April, 2004.

3. Akinwande, A.I., Ugwumba, A.A.A & Ugwumba, O.A. (2002). Effects of replacement of fishmeal with maggotmeal in the diet of Clariasgariepinus fingerlings. The Zoologist, Vol. 1 (2), 41-46.

4. Aniebo, A.O., Erondu, E.S & Owen, O.J. (2008). Proximate composition of housefly larvae (musca domestica) meal generated from mixture of cattle blood and wheat bran. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 20 (12).

5. Awoniyi, T.A.M., Aletor, V.A. & Aina, J.M. (2003).Performance of broiler chicken fed on maggotmeal in place fishmeal. Int’l Journal of Poultry Science 2 (40): 271-274.

6. Ayinla O.A.,( 1988). Nutritive and Reproductive performance of Clarias gariepinus. Unpublished Ph.D thesis, University of Ibadan. Nigeria. 433p.

7. Cadag, M.T., Lopez, P.L. & Mania R.P. (1981). Production and evaluation of maggot meal from common housefly ( musca domestica) as animal feed. Phillipine Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science 7 (1), 40-41.

8. Calvert, C.C., Martins, R.D. & Eby H.J. (1971). Housefly pupae as food for poultry. Journal of Economic Entomology, 62 (1): 939.

9. Christie, W.W. (2003). Gas Chromatography and lipids. Oily Press, Ayr.

10. Encyclopedia of Analytical Science (1995). Volume 3. Alan Townsend (Editor).

11. Faturoti, E.O., Obasa, S.O. & Bakare, A.L. (1998). Growth and Nutrient Utilization of Clariasgariepinus fed live maggots. Nigerian Association of Aquatic Sciences 1, 182-189.

12. Inderti et al 2005

13. Maynard, A.J. (2002). Physical, Chemical and Instrumental methods of Analysis in “Methods of Food Analysis”. 2nd Edition.

14. Nzamujo, O.P. (2001). Techniques for maggot production: The Shonghai experience. Retrieved from //www.ias.unu.edu/proceedings/icibs/ibs/shonghai/.

15. Omoyinmi, G.A.K., Fagade, S.O., Adebisi, A.A. (2005). Nutritive value of invertebrates cultured under laboratory conditions. The Zoologist Vol3:99-104.

16. Sogbesan,O.A., Ajuonu, N.D., Ugwumba, A.A.A, Madu, C.T. (2005). Cost benefits of maggotmeal as supplemented feed in the diets of Clariasgariepinusheterobranchuslongifilis hybrid fingerlings in outdoor concrete tanks. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Studies, Vol 3 (2): 2005.

17. Teotia, J.S., & Miller, B. F. (1974). Nutritive content of housefly pupae and manure residue. British Poultry Science 15: 177-182.

18. Ugwumba, A.A.A. & Ugwumba, A.O. (2003). Aquaculture Options and future of fish supply in Nigeria. The Zoologist Vol 2, (2): 96-122.

19. Ugwumba, A.A.A., Ugwumba, A.O. & Okunola, A.O. (2001). Utilization of live maggot as a supplement feed on the growth of Clariasgariepinus (Burchell) fingerlings. Nigeria Journal of Science, Vol 35 (1).

Untitled Page