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International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
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ISSN Print: 2229-5518 5    
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scirp IJSER >> Volume 2, Issue 5, May 2011 Edition
Compost Adsorption Desdorption of Picloram in the Presence of Surfactant on Six Agricultural Soils
Full Text(PDF, 3000)  PP.  
Rounak M. Shariff
Adsorption - desorption kinetics, Adsorption isotherms, HPLC, Picloram, Surfactant.
To investigate the effect of different types of surfactants on adsorption behavior of pesticide, picloram [4-amino-3, 5, 6-trichloropicolinic acid] which is an ionic herbicide on six agricultural soil samples, picloram soil -water system-surfactant. The Freundlich adsorption coefficients Ks values for picloram adsorption in the presences of surfactant in three concentration of critical micelles concentration (cmc), batch equilibrium experiments performed of cationic surfactant Hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA). The Ks values of picloram range between 0.940-1.344, 0.943-1.407, and 0.952-1.434 ml/g, for cmc/10, cmc and cmc*20 respectively. Freundlich adsorption coefficients of picloram in the presence of anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) was determined, the values of Ks obtained were in the range 0.761-1.151, 0.654-1.141, and 0.631-1.099ml/g, for cmc/10, cmc, and cmc*20 respectively. The Ks values for polyoxyethylene sorbitanmonooleate ( tween-80) were in the range 0.971 -1.229, 1.104-1.303, and 1.189-1.404 ml/g, for cmc/10, cmc, and cmc*20 respectively. The values of Freundlich desorption coefficients (Ksdes), linearity factor for desorption (nsdes) and regression factor for desorption (R2) ranged from 0.839-1.286, 0.267-0.619, and 0.889-0.993 respectively with HDTMA. The values of Ksdes, nsdes and R2 values ranged from 0.895-1.289, 0.494-0.818, and 0.889-0.999 for desorption process respectively by anionic surfactant SDS, the values of Ksdes, nsdes and R2 ranged from 0.953-1.270, 0.429-0.650, and 0.888-0.995 respectively for non-ionic surfactant Tween-80.
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