IJSER Home >> Journal >> IJSER
International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 6    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 2, Issue 6, June 2011 Edition
Thermal Performance of Thermosyphon Charged by Nanofluid for Cooling Electronic Component
Full Text(PDF, 3000)  PP.  
Author(s)
M. G. Mousa
KEYWORDS
Two phase loop Thermosyphon, Thermal Performance, Nanofluids, Cooling of Electronic Devices.
ABSTRACT
In present work a experimental study based on thermosyphon is investigated using a solid nano-particles added to water as a working fluid. Tests are made on a thermosyphon. The experiment was performed in order to measure the temperature distribution and compare the heat transfer rate of the thermosyphon with the nanofluid and with pure water. The tested concentration level of the nano-particles is 0%, to 1.2%. Results show that the addition of 1.2% (by volume) of Al2O3 nano-particles in water presented improved thermal performance compared with the operation with pure water. Results showed that the total thermal resistance, using Al2O3-water based the nanofluid is enhanced by 57% at f equal 1.2 % compared to that of pure water, depending on filling ratio and volume fraction of the nano-particles in the base fluid. The experimental data are compared with the available literature and discrepancies between results are discussed.
References
(1) Choi, S.U.S, ""Enhancing thermal conductivity of fluids with nano-particles"", in: D.A. Siginer, H.P. Wang (Eds.), Developments and Applications of Non-Newtonian Flows, in: FED, vol. 66, ASME, NY, pp. 99-103,1995. (2) Gross, U., and Hahne, E.,""Heat transfer in a two-phase thermosyphon operating with a fluid in the near critical state,"" Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 28, pp.589-601, 1985 (3)Lin, L., and Faghri, A.,"" Steady – state performance of a thermosyphon with tube separator "", Applied Thermal Engineering Vol. 17. No. 7, pp. 661-679, 1996. (4) Gillot, C., Bricard, A., and Schaeffer, C.,"" Single- and two-phase heat exchangers for power electronic components"", Int. J. Thermal Sciences Vol. 39,PP 826–832, 2000. (5) Beitelmal, M. H., and Patel, C. D.,"" Two-Phase Loop: Compact Thermosyphon"", Internet Systems and Storage Laboratory, 2002. (6) Mcglen, R. J., Jachuck, R., and Lin, S.,"" Integrated thermal management techniques for high power electronic devices"", Applied Thermal Engineering ,Vol.24 ,PP 1143– 1156, 2004. (7) Jouhara, H., Martinet, O., and Robinson, A.J., “Experimental Study of Small Diameter Thermosyphons Charged with Water"", FC-84, FC-77 & FC-3283- 5th European Thermal-Sciences Conference, The Netherlands, 2008. (8) Maezawa, S. and Takuma, M., “Heat transfer characteristics of the R113 annular two-phase closed thermosyphon,” JSME series II, Vol. 31, pp. 469-476, 1988. (9) Ueda, T., Miyashita, T., and Chu, P., “Heat transport characteristics of a closed two-phase thermosyphon,” JSME series II, Vol. 32, pp. 239-246, 1989. (10) Tanaka, O., and Koshino, H., “Heat transfer characteristics of a copper-water wickless heat pipe,” JSME series B, Vol. 60, pp. 2826-2832, 1994. (11) Lin, T. F., and Shyu, R. J., “Experimental investigation of geyser boiling in an annular two-phase closed thermosyphon,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 38, pp. 295-307, 1995. (12) Noie, S.H., Zeinali, S., Kahani, M., and Nowee, S. M., “ heat transfer enhancement using Al2O3/ water nanofluid in a two phase closed thermosyphon International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 30 , pp.700–705, 2009. (13) Mehta, B., and Khandekar, S., 'Two-phase closed thermosyphon with nanofluids' 14th International Heat Pipe Conference (14th IHPC), Florianópolis, Brazil, April 22- 27, 2007. (14) Khandekar, S., Joshi, Y., and Mehta, B., ""Thermal performance of closed two-phase thermosyphon using nanofluids"", International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 47 pp.659-667, 2008. (15) Khandekar, S., Joshi, Y., and Mehta, B.,"" Thermal performance of closed two-phase thermosyphon using nanofluids ""International Journal of Thermal Sciences 47, pp. 659–667, 2008. (16) Liu,Z. , Yang, X., Wang,G., and Guo, G. ""Influence of carbon nanotube suspension on the thermal performance of a miniature thermosyphon"" International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer vol.,53 , pp. 1914–1920, 2010. (17) Liu, Z., Yang, X., and Guo, G., "" Effect of nanoparticles in nanofluid on thermal performance in a miniature thermosyphon, Journal of Applied Physics, 102, 013526, 2007. (18) Huminic, G., Huminic, A., Morjan, I., and Dumitrache, F., ""Experimental study of the thermal performance of thermosyphon heat pipe using iron oxide nano- particles"" International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 54, pp. 656–661, 2011. (19) Xue, H., Fan, J., Hu, Y., Hong, R., and Cen, K., ""The interface effect of carbon nanotube suspension on the thermal performance of a two-phase closed thermosyphon"", Journal of Applied Physics, 100, 104909, 2006. (20) Parametthanuwat, T., Rittidech, S., and Pattiya A., “A correlation to predict heat-transfer rates of a two-phase closed thermosyphon (TPCT) using silver nanofluid at normal operating conditions” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 53, pp. 4960–4965, 2010. (21)Collier, G., and Thome, J.,"" Convective Boiling and Condensation, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1996. (22) Faghri A., Heat Pipe Science and Technology, Taylor and Francis, 1995. (23)Das, S. K., Choi, U.S., Yu,W., and Pradeep, T., ""Nanofluid Science and Technology"", Wily-Interscience, 2007.

Untitled Page