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International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 5    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 3,Issue 5,May 2012
Unlocking Nigeria's Solar PV and CSP Potentials for Sustainable Electricity Development
Full Text(PDF, )  PP.I069-I076  
Author(s)
Habib, S.L., Idris, N.A.,Ladan, M.J.and Mohammad, A.G
KEYWORDS
Concentrating Solar Power, Direct Normal Irradiance,Electricity, Environment, Photovoltaic, Renewable, Sustainability.
ABSTRACT
Nigeria is reasonably endowed with intensity of solar energy which can be transformed into electrical energy through the use of either solar Photovoltaicor Concentrating Solar Power. The potentials range between 3.5 – 7.0 kWh/m2/day, the estimated totalpotential for solar PV of 1% area of some twenty selected states is computed at 1189321.65MWh. The minimum direct normal irradiance is in the range of 4.1 – 5.0 kWh/m2/day in the north with the highest in north-east part of the country, which has met the minimum DNI threshold of 4.1 – 5.8kWh/m2/day needed for economically viable concentrating solar power project. The total potential CSP capacity for the fourteen frontline northern states is estimated at 427,829 MW and the electricity potential at 26,841 TWh/yr. The proper harnessing and utilization of this abundant renewable energy formwould not only serve as long term solution to the looming problems of energy shortages, environmental sustainability and reversals of the low per capita electricity consumption of 121 in the country, but will no doubt lead to rapid transformation of the nation's socio-economic well-being of the citizenry. Thus, high initial investment cost and lack of adequate technical know-how and skilled manpower are identified asbarriers to deployment of this emerging technology in the country. Sound policies, feed-in tariffs, technology transfer and collaboration with industry leaders are proposed as some of the solutions to overcome those challenges enumerated. This paper attempts to review the abundant solar energy potentials of the country and the need to effectively develop it in other to overcome the current electricity poverty facing the nation.
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