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International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 2    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 2, Issue 2, February 2011
Use of Frequency Modulation Technique to Improve Security System
Full Text(PDF, 3000)  PP.  
Author(s)
Shaikh Md. Rubayiat Tousif, Shaiyek Md. Buland Taslim
KEYWORDS
Frequency modulation, FM Transmitter, Monopole antenna, Range, Smoke detector
ABSTRACT
A wireless fire alarm and other passive circuit elements has been designed and implemented. The designed alarm circuit could detect any kind of smoke and generate an alarm signal that would be sent to the control room by frequency modulation technique. The designed transmitter could operate around 100 MHz. A monopole antenna has been used for transmitting the signal carrying the information in the free space. An antenna length of 41cm has been used for the design convenience. The transmitting signal has been successfully received at a distance of 53 feet without any disturbance by FM receiver. The operating frequency of the transmitter was found out to be 97 MHz and comparison shows a very good agreement between the measured value and the calculated value. The designed wireless fire alarm has been very dynamic in terms of performance and the transmitter part successfully demonstrates the basic principle of FM transmitter.
References
[1] B.P. Lathi, “Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems”, 3rd Edition, Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 1- 13, 151-189, 208-245.

[2] Simon Ramo, J.R Whinnery and T. Duzer, “Fields and Waves in Communication Electronics”, 2nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, pp. 634-680.

[3] V.K. Mehta, “Principles of Electronics”, 3rd Edition, pp.386- 406.

[4] J. Millman, Christos C. Halkias, “Integrated Electronics”, Sixth reprint 1994, Tata McGraw-Hill Edition, pp. 118-152, 223-280, 348-368, 483-497.

[5] Robert L. Boylestad, Luis Nasheisky, “Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory”, 8th Edition, Prentice-Hall of India, pp. 131- 189, 355-426, 747-782, 821-850.

[6] Samuel Y. Liao, “Microwave Devices and Circuits”, 3rd Edition, Prentice-Hall, pp. 21-56. 28

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