IJSER Home >> Journal >> IJSER
International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 12    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 2, Issue 12, December 2011
Isolated Pico-Hydropower Generation Using Asynchronous Generator for Power Quality Improvement
Full Text(PDF, 3000)  PP.  
Mr.K.V.N.S Pavan Kumar, Mrs.E.Praveena, Prof. P.V. Kishore
Electronic load controller (ELC), isolated asynchronous generator (IAG), pico-hydroturbine, polygon wound autotransformer
A comparative study between the topologies consisting of the Conventional Electronic Load Controller and the Proposed Electronic Load controller (ELC)has been carried out in this paper for the power Quality Improvement in a conventional Electronic Load controller used for Isolated pico-hydropower generation using Asynchronous generator (AG). A polygon wound autotransformer with reduced KiloVolts ampere rating is employed in the proposed ELC for reducing the harmonic current reduction inorder to meet the power quality requirements as prescribed by IEEE standard-519. The conventional ELC employs six-pulse-bridge-rectifier and the Proposed ELC employs twenty four -pulse-bridge-rectifier. The study is carried out in MATLAB using SIMULINK and power system blockset toolboxes. Experimental validation is carried out for both ELCs for regulating the voltage and frequency of an isolated Asynchronous generator driven by uncontrolled pico-hydroturbine.
[1] B. Singh, “Induction generator—A prospective,” Electr. Mach. Power Syst., vol. 23, pp. 163–177, 1995.

[2] R. C. Bansal, T. S. Bhatti, and D. P. Kothari, “Bibliography on the application of induction generator in non conventional energy systems,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. EC-18, no. 3, pp. 433–439, Sep. 2003.

[3] G. K. Singh, “Self-excited induction generator research—A survey,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 69, no. 2/3, pp. 107–114, May 2004.

[4] R. C. Bansal, “Three phase isolated asynchronous generators: An overview,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 292–299, Jun. 2005.

[5] O. Ojo, O. Omozusi, and A. A. Jimoh, “The operation of an inverter assisted single phase induction generator,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 632–640, Jun. 2000.

[6] J. M. Elder, J. T. Boys, and J. L. Woodward, “Integral cycle control of stand-alone generators,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng., vol. 132, no. 2, pp. 57–66, Mar. 1985.

[7] D. Henderson, “An advanced electronic load governor for control of micro hydroelectric generation,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 300–304, Sep. 1998.

[8] N. P. A. Smith, “Induction generators for stand-alone micro-hydro systems,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Power Electron. Drive Energy Syst. Ind. Growth. New Delhi, India, 1996, pp. 669–673.

[9] R. Bonert and S. Rajakaruna, “Self-excited induction generator with excellent voltage and frequency control,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 145, no. 1, pp. 33–39, Jan. 1998

[10] B. Singh, S. S. Murthy, and Sushma Gupta, “Analysis and implementation of an electronic load controller for a isolated asynchronous generator,” Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. Gener. Transm. Distrib., vol. 151, no. 1, pp. 51–60, Jan. 2004.

[11] S. S. Murthy, B. Singh, S. Gupta, A. kulkarni, and R. Sivarajan, “Water, Water. . .. Anywhere field experience on a novel pico hydro system to supply power to a remote locations,” IEEE Ind. Appl.Mag., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 65–76, Jul./Aug. 2006.

[12] E. Suarez and G. Bortolotto, “Voltage—Frequency control of a isolated asynchronous generator,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 394–401, Sep. 1999.

[13] B. Singh, S. S. Murthy, and S. Gupta, “Transient analysis of isolated asynchronous generator with electronic load controller supplying static and dynamic loads,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1194– 1204, Sep. 2005.

[14] J. M. Ramirez and M. E. Torres, “An electronic load controller for self excited induction generators,” in Proc. IEEE PES General Meeting. Tampa, FL, Jun. 24–28, 2007, pp. 1–8.

[15] IEEE Guide for Harmonic Control and Reactive Compensation of Static Power Converters, IEEE Standard 519-1992.

[16] L. A. C. Lopes and R. G. Almeida, “Wind-driven induction generator with voltage and frequency regulated by a reduced rating voltage source inverter,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 297–304, Jun. 2006.

[17] R. S. Bhatia, D. K. Jain, B. Singh, and S. P. Jain, “Battery energy storage system for power conditioning,” in Proc. Nat. Power Syst. Conf. NPSC- 2004, pp. 86–91.

[18] B. Singh, S. S. Murthy, and S. Gupta, “A voltage and frequency controller for self-excited induction generators,” Electr. Power Compon. Syst., vol. 34, pp. 141–157, 2006.

[19] E. G. Marra and J. A. Pomilo, “Induction-gene rator-based system providing regulated voltage with constant frequency,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 908–914, Aug. 2000.

[20] E. G. Marra and J.A. Pomilio, “Isolated asynchronous generator controlled by a VS-PWM bi-directional converter for rural application,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 877–883, Jul./Aug. 1999.

[21] B. Singh, S. S. Murthy, and S. Gupta, “STATCOM based voltage regulator for isolated asynchronous generator feeding non-linear loads,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1437–1452, Oct. 2006.

[22] Derek A. Paice, Power Electronic Converter Harmonics—Multipulse Methods for Clean Power. New York: IEEE Press, 1996.

[23] B.Wu, High Power Converters and AC Drives. NewYork: Wiley/IEEE Press, Mar. 2006.

[24] B. Singh, G. Bhuvaneswari, V. Garg, and S. Gairola, “Pulse multiplication in AC–DC converters for harmonic mitigation in vector-controlled induction motor drive,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 342–352, Jun. 2006.

[25] N. Mohan, T. M. Undeland, and W. P. Robbins, Power Electronics: Converters, Applications and Design, 3rd ed. Singapore: Willey, 2004.

[26] M. H. Rashid, Power Electronics, Circuits, Devices and Applications, 3rd ed. Singapore: Pearson/Prentice-Hall, 2004

Untitled Page