IJSER Home >> Journal >> IJSER
International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 12    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 2, Issue 12, December 2011
Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network
Full Text(PDF, 3000)  PP.  
Author(s)
Subhadra Shaw (Bose)
KEYWORDS
Data Aggregation, Energy-efficient, Global Aggregator, Local Aggregator, Remaining energy, Wireless Sensor Network, Zone
ABSTRACT
Routing in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is an important area of research due to its rapidly increasing application in monitoring various kinds of environment by sensing physical phenomenon. Energy consumption is one of the major criteria for most of the routing protocols because 70% of the total energy is consumed in data transmission in WSN. This paper introduces an energy efficient clustering algorithm for WSN based on Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) which will remove some of the drawbacks of LEACH. It utilizes the remaining energy of the current Cluster Head (CH) to make the routing process more efficient. Another level of aggregation is added which not only saves energy by eliminating redundancy and reducing number of data transmission but also distribute the work load evenly by utilizing the energy of the least overloaded CHs.
References
[1] Lu, Ye Ming and Vincent W. S. Wong. An energy-efficient multipath routing protocol for wireless sensor networks: research articles. Int. J.Commun. Syst., 20(7):747--766, 2007.

[2] Heinzelman W, Kulik J, Balakrishnan H. Adaptive protocols for information dissemination in wireless sensor networks. Proceedings of ACM/IEEE MobiCom’99, Seattle, WA, U.S.A., August 1999; 174–185.

[3] Intanagonwiwat C, Govindan R, Estrin D. Directed diffusion: a scalable and robust communication paradigm for sensor networks. Proceedings of ACM MobiCom’00, Boston, MA, U.S.A, August 2000;56–67.

[4] Heinzelman W, Chandrakasan A, Balakrishnan H. Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks. Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on System Science (HICSS’00), Hawaii, U.S.A., January 2000

[5] Heinzelman W, Chandrakasan A, Balakrishnan H. Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks. Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on System Science (HICSS’00), Hawaii, U.S.A., January 2000

[6] Xu Y, Heidemann J, Estrin D. Geography-informed energy conservation for ad-hoc routing. Proceedings of ACM/IEEE MobiCom’01, Rome, Italy, July 2001; 70–84.

[7] Lan Tien Nguyen , Xavier Defago, Razvan Beuran , Yoichi Shinoda. An Energy Efficient Routing Scheme for Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks; 568-569

[8] Chung-Horng Lung, Chenjuan Zhou. Using hierarchical agglomerative clustering in Wireless Sensor Network: An energy-efficient and flexible approach;330-331

[9] Jamal N. Al-Karaki, Ahmed E. Kamal. Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey; 7-15

Untitled Page