IJSER Home >> Journal >> IJSER
International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research
ISSN Online 2229-5518
ISSN Print: 2229-5518 4    
Website: http://www.ijser.org
scirp IJSER >> Volume 2, Issue 4, April 2011 Edition
Anomalous hydrogen production during photolysis of NaHCO3 mixed water
Full Text(PDF, 3000)  PP.  
Muhammad Shahid, Noraih Bidin, Yacoob Mat Daud, Muhammad Talha, M.Inayat ullah
Photo catalysis, Electrolysis of water, Hydrogen, Laser interaction, Electrical signals, Oxygen
Production and enhancement of hydrogen on large scale is a goal towards the revolution of green and cheap energy. Utilization of hydrogen energy has many attractive features, including energy renewability, flexibility, and zero green house gas emissions. In this current research the production and the enhancement of hydrogen from the NaHCO3 mixed water have been investigated under the action of diode pumped solid state laser with second harmonic of wavelength 532nm. The efficiency of the hydrogen and oxygen yields was found to be greater than the normal Faradic efficiency. The parametric dependence of the yields as a function of laser irradiation time, Laser focusing effect and other parameters of the electrolysis fundamentals were carefully studied.
[1] T. Mizuno, T. Ohmori and A. Akimoto “Generation of Heat and Products during Plasma Electrolysis”,Proc. ICCF-10, (2003).

[2] T. Ohmori and T. Mizuno, “Strong Excess Energy Evolution, New Elements Production, and Electromagnetic Wave and/or Neutron Emission in the Light Water Electrolysis with a Tungsten Cathode,” Proc. ICCF-7, Vancouver, Canada, 279, (2000).

[3] Tadahiko Mizuno, Tadayoshi Ohmori, Tadashi Akimoto, Akito Takahashi, “Production of heat during Plasma Electrolysis in Liquid"",J. Appl. Phys., Vol.39, No.10 (2000).

[4] N.N. Il'ichev, L.A. Kulevsky, P.P. Pashinin “Photovoltaic effect in water induced by a 2.92-μm Cr3+: Yb3+: Ho3+: YSGG laser” Quantum Electronics 35(10) 959-961 (2005).

[5] R. Mills, M. Nansteel and P. Ray” Water bath calorimetric study of excess heat generation in “resonant transfer” plasmas ” Plasma Physics, 69, 131 (2003).

[6] Muhammad Shahid,Noriah Bidin,Yacoob Mat” Access Hydrogen production by photolysis of K2CO3 mixed water.” Proc. FSPGS2010, Malaysia, 179, (2010).

[7] Muhammad Shahid,Noriah Bidin,Yacoob Mat ,”Access hydrogen generation by laser ablation during plasma electrolysis of drinking water .” Proc. IGCESH2010, Malaysia, (2010).

[8] Muhammad Shahid,Noriah Bidin,Yacoob Mat” Novel hydrogen production by laser induced electrical signals during plasma electrolysis of NaOH mixed water.” Proc. of PGSRET, Islamabad, Pakistan, Pakistan, (2010).

[9] Muhammad Shahid,Noriah Bidin,Yacoob Mat ,”Laser induced photocatalysis of electrolyte during plasma electrolysis of drinking water .” Proc. ICSM2010, Malaysia, (2010).

[10] Ilyichev N.N. et al. Kvantovaya Elektron., 35 (10), 959 (2005) Quantum Electron, 35 (10), 959 (2005).

[11] S.A. Andreev, S.Yu. Kazantsev, I.G. Kononov, P.P. Pashinin, K.N. Firsov,” Temporal structure of an electric signal produced upon interaction of radiation from a HF laserwith the bottom surface of a water column” Quantum Electronics 39 (2) 179 -184 (2009).

[12] Daniela Bertuccelli and Héctor F. Ranea-Sandoval “Perturbations of Conduction in Liquids by Pulsed Laser-Generated Plasma”IEEE Journal of Quantum electronics, Vol. 37, NO. 7, July 2001.

[13] Miyuki Ikeda,""Photocatalyic hydrogen production enhanced by laser ablation in water-methanol mixture containg titanium(IV) oxide and graphite silica"",catalysis communications 9 (2008)1329-1333.

[14] Byeong Sub kwak,""Enhanced hydrogen production from Methanol/ water photo-splitting in TiO2 including Pd compnant"" Bull Korean chem. Soc, Vol.30,No5, (2009).

[15] M.A Gondal ""Production of hydrogen and oxygen by water splitting using laser induced photo-catalysis over Fe2O3.""Applied catalysis A; genral 286(2004) 159-167.

[16] C. A. Sacchi, “Laser-induced electric breakdown in water,” J. Opt. Soc. Amer., vol. B 8, pp. 337–345, (1991).

[17] A. De Giacomo et al, spectroscopic ""investigation of laser-water interaction beyond the breakdown thresh hold energy""CNR.IMIP Sec Bari, via Amendola 122/D, 70126 Bari, Italy (2007).

[18] F. Andrew Frame,a Elizabeth C. Carroll,a Delmar S. Larsen,a Michael Sarahan,a Nigel D. Browningb and Frank E. Osterloh;”First demonstration of CdSe as a photocatalyst for hydrogen evolution from water under UV and visible light.” DOI: 10.1039/b718796c; Berkeley, CA, USA);(2008).

[19] Ke¸stutis Juodkazis1,6, Jurga Juodkazyt˙”Photoelectrolysis of water: Solar hydrogen–achievements and perspectives” Optical Society of America(2010).

[20] S.Sino,T.A.Yamamoto,R.Fujimoto”Hydrogen evaluation from water dispersing nano particles irridated with gamma rays/size effect and dose rate effect.”Scripta matter 44(2001)1709-1712.

[21] Kia zeng, dongka zhang ""Recent progress in alkaline water electrolysis for hydrogen production and applications""progress in energy and combustion science (2009).

Untitled Page