Volume 8, Issue 12, December 2017 Edition


Publication for Volume 8, Issue 12, December 2017.


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Surgical intervention for Liver Hydatid Disease; Review[ ]


In this article we review the current management modalities of LHC with particular emphasis on risk, benefit and safety profile and also emphasize the diagnosis method and classification of the LHC. Conducted a detailed search among electronic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Google scholar, searching in literature for articles related to surgical intervention for Liver Hydatid Disease. Studies were included as publication up to 2017, September with English language and human subject.

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Clinical approaches to acetaminophen intoxication emergency department: Review[ ]


In this review we want to discuss the pathophysiology and adverse effects of acetaminophen intoxication to understand in depth we mechanism of intoxication, as well we discuss clinical evidence in emergency case. Electronic databases (Medline, PubMed, and Embase) were searched up to November 2017, for relevant articles concerned with acetaminophen intoxication management in emergency department clinical aspects, our search strategy used a Mesh terms as following; "acetaminophen intoxication", "emergency" combined with "Treatment", "Diagnosis".

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Overview of Adenotonsillar hypertrophy, management strategies[ ]


This article reviews the epidemiology and pathophysiology of AH with a particular focus on evidence of its association with allergy and allergic rhinitis. Current treatment options are considered the increasing rate of investigations on non-surgical alternatives for AH, surgery and the importance of the treatment of AH. We conducted a computerized Literature search involving human subjects, published in English until December 2017, and indexed in MEDLINE (through PubMed), EMBASE, the Cochrane Library.

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Wound dehiscence surgical management[ ]


In this review we discuss prevalence and incidence of SWD, early diagnosis methods for prevention and surgical management approach. We conducted a comprehensive search for articles published in English up to November, 2017. Search was performed through following databases; MEDLINE, Current Contents, Web of Science, and PubMed with the terms "wound dehiscence", "prevention", "surgical treatment". Following surgery most surgical wounds recover naturally without difficulties.

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Overview of multiple sclerosis diagnosis and management[ ]


In this review we discuss the background of disease, different diagnosis methods and give information about treatment approaches depending on the symptoms and stage of disease. In MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and Web of Science databases search was performed for all studies published throughout December 2017. This search was without language restriction, and involving articles with human subject discussion. MS is a progressive illness with no cure up until now.

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Overview of Fournier's gangrene surgical treatment[ ]


Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rare but life threatening disease. In this article we discuss the etiology, diagnosis and surgical treatment of Fournier's gangrene and reconstructive surgery after debridement. A comprehensive search was conducted through major databases; Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, through November, 2017. The search strategy used Mesh terms; Fournier's gangrene, surgery, management. Fournier's gangrene is an illness process with a wide variability in presentation.

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Management approaches toward femoral head osteonecrosis[ ]


This article presents a review of ONFH classification systems, current treatment options, potential therapies, surgical and nonsurgical management and the relevant barriers affecting the treatment outcome. MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library were searched in details (for articles published up to November, 2017) for relevant articles in English language were included in the review. Search terms as following "Osteonecrosis of the femoral head" "treatment", "management".

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Managing dysphagia in intensive critical units. Review[ ]


In a prospective observational study, we evaluated swallowing disorders in the ICU, causes, highlighted the diagnosis and management methods. Electronic databases; MEDLINE, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library databases were searched up to December, 2017 to identify relevant studies discussing the dysphagia in intensive critical units, using following Mesh terms: "dysphagia" OR "ICU" Combined with "management" OR "treatment". Dysphagia is frequent among patients with critical illness polyneuropathy treated in the ICU.

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Overview of management procedures of hepatic encephalopathy[ ]


The aim of this review is to summarize the current knowledge related to the pathogenesis leading to HE, as well as the subsequent therapeutic and diagnosis options. Detailed search was conducted throughout the electronic databases; PubMed, and Embase, for relevant studies discussing the management procedures of hepatic encephalopathy. Hepatic encephalopathy is an essential complication of liver cirrhosis connected with morbidity and mortality. Hepatic encephalopathy is also related to considerable health care utilization and damaging impact of care givers. Early acknowledgment of HE is important for timely management.

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Overview and management of polycythemia vera[ ]


Polycythemia vera is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder characterized by increased red blood cell mass. In this review we discuss the diagnosis, the risk groups and management strategies. We conducted a comprehensive review through the MEDLINE database by using of PubMed to identify articles containing "polycythemia vera" and "treatment" published in English language up to November, 2017. Although PV is a chronic, incurable illness, it can be managed effectively for extended periods of time. Careful medical supervision and treatment are designed to decrease hematocrit and platelet concentrations to regular or near-normal value, in order to regulate PV-related signs, reduce the danger for arterial and venous thrombotic events and various other difficulties, and avoid leukemic transformation.

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Management of adrenal crisis in emergency department: Review[ ]


The aim of this review is give general information about epidemiology and definition of Adrenal Crisis, risk factors and emphasizes the clinical presentation as well as highlight the management in emergency case. In MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and Web of Science databases search was performed for all studies published throughout the past 3 decades up to December 2017.

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Review of improving strategies for dermatitis in primary care[ ]


The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of primary care residents in the diagnosis of the infectious aspects of AD and management methods. Search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, for studies investigating the improving strategies for dermatitis in primary care published in English language until December, 2017.Atopic dermatitis is often the first presentation of an individual destined to a life time of allergic reaction and asthma.

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Overview of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type 2 in primary care[ ]


The present review provides a discussion of recommended approaches to screening, diagnosis, and treatment in patients with T2DM, as well as in those at risk for the disease. Detailed search and review of the literature was conducted using electronic databases, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SCISEARCH; up to December, 2017, for studies reporting data on diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type 2 in primary care. Primary care clinicians face several difficulties in the inherently complicated management of diabetes.

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Overview of patient’s utilization of primary care, and models for management[ ]


The goal of this focused review paper is to present the research findings concerning the efficacy of primary care so that the worth of primary care can be much better valued. Particularly, it will show the significance of effective primary care services in providing quality healthcare, enhancing health outcomes, and decreasing disparities. A search of literature through databases; MIDLINE, and EMBASE was conducted to identified related articles to our concerned topic (patient’s utilization of primary care) that were published up to November 2017.

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An Updated Review about Diabetes Mellitus Managment in Primary Care by Family Doctors[ ]


It has actually been anticipated that 221 million people will have diabetes around the globe. The main treatment objectives for individuals with diabetes include attaining ideal hypertension, lipid, and glycemic control. This requires adherence to a lasting and elaborate routine of lifestyle modification, pharmacotherapy, routine follow-up goes to with healthcare provider, and self-management abilities (e.g. blood sugar monitoring, foot assessments, and so on).

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Prevalence of IL28B genotypes among Saudi population In Jeddah city[ ]


Hepatitis C (HC) is one of the infectious diseases that has major impact on public health [1]. Approximately, 180 million people (3%) are infected with HC virus worldwide[2, 3] where the HC oscillation about three to four million new infected cases per year [4]. Although 30% of patients with acute HC infection get spontaneous clearance, there are 54,000 deaths annually in acutely infected patient worldwide.

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Imaging technique used for assessment of ischemic colitis[ ]


This article describes the epidemiology of this underdiagnosed condition; reviews the clinical patterns of this disease, which constitute a key diagnostic point in patients who have a thickening of the colonic wall; and describes the ultrasound (US) and CT findings and differential diagnoses of ischemic colitis. We have undertaken an extensive review of the literature using several medical databases; MIDLINE, and EMBASE are the most that we conducted our study through, searched involved studies from time of instance up to the 2017.

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Diagnostic strategies of bipolar disorders; Review[ ]


This review provides an up‐to‐date discussion of the principles and strategies for diagnosis of bipolar disorders and describe briefly symptoms, epidemiology. We reviewed the Published literatures concerning Diagnostic strategies of bipolar disorders up to December, 2017. Search was conducted using electronic databases; Medline, and Embase. Search strategy through mentioned databases was performed using medical subject headings (MeSH) as following, "bipolar disorders", "Diagnosis", "screening".

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Review evidence on helicobacter pylori consequences and management[ ]


This update will review selected areas of recent H. pylori and associated disease, diagnosis and management methods. We performed an electronic search through medical databases; PubMed/Midline, Embase for all these relevant studies that were published up to December 2017, in English language and containing only human subject. H. pylori-related illness remain an important burden for worldwide healthcare systems. Gastric cancer is one of the most serious complication and its prevention by elimination of H. pylori is presently the best option. Serum pepsinogens permit the recognition of individuals at high risk for gastric cancer advancement and should be applied in screening strategies. The function of H. pylori in the pathogenesis of extragastric malignant conditions, that is colorectal cancer, in addition to nonmalignant chronic illness like Alzheimer's illness or the metabolic syndrome remains to stimulate clinical study and controversial debate. The enhancing resistance rates to conventionally utilized antibiotics require new therapeutic strategies. Confirmation of eradication using noninvasive diagnostic tests, such as a urea breath test or stool antigen assay, is now the standard of care. The medical diagnosis of latent or symptomatic H pylori, like the diagnosis of latent or symptomatic syphilis, always need to prompt therapy. Due to lowering cure rates, new and enhanced treatments are required.

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Idiopathic spontaneous intraperitoneal hemorrhage; Review[ ]


While we describe this rare event, we discuss its etiology, and the diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic implications of this disease including a review of the relevant literature. We conducted a search through electronic databases; PubMed, and EMBASE, for studies published in English language thought instant to 2017. Studies discussing the Idiopathic spontaneous intraperitoneal hemorrhage. Intraperitoneal haemorrhage is a collection of blood in the abdominal cavity. Common causes consist of abdominal trauma, ectopic maternity, malignancy of solid organs (renal, hepatic or pancreatic), aneurysmal rupture or inflammatory erosive process (pancreatitis). In addition to these, it may be idiopathic, also referred to as abdominal apoplexy or changed by a newer term - Idiopathic Spontaneous Intraperitoneal Haemorrhage (ISIH).

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Overview of indication of late Late-Preterm and Early-Term Birth[ ]


In this article, we review the definition of LPT/ET birth, prevention strategies, indications for LPT/ET birth, and the short- and long-term outcomes for such infants. We Conducted a comprehensive computerized review of literature reporting indication of late Late-Preterm and Early-Term Birth published in English language until October, 2017. LPT and ET births represent a big number of births annually in the United States and other developed countries. The causes of such early births are similar to those of more preterm infants, so prevention approaches are usually similar: progesterone and cerclage placement in high-risk women, birth interval preparing, smoking cessation, preterm birth medical clinic participation, and others.

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Harmonic Current Compensation for Power Quality Improvement Using SVPWM based Three Level Converter[ ]


Multilevel converters are widely being used for various high power applications like industrial motor drive, wind farm integration, HVDCtransmission etc. In this paper three-phase diode clamped converter with space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) technique has been used to generate the firing pulses. The controller is self-adaptive in nature, and detects the vector, region and sector based on the position of reference voltage vector. This keeps current error space phasor within the prescribed hexagonal boundary. By assuring the switching of only adjacent voltage vectors, the proposed controller is able to eliminate the random switching as observed in case of conventional hysteresis controller.

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Calculation of Bearing Capacity Under Shallow Foundations to Change From Global To Partial Factor in Geotechnical And Foundations Egyptian Code During The Transition Period [ ]


This paper presents A review for the design by working or traditional method in the current Egyptian code and other branches around the world and the meaning of global factors of safety with the variation of its value , the theory of geotechnical limit state design ( ULS ),the meaning and symbols of the different factors used in ( ULS ).A comparison study for adopting the different limit state design approaches in the design of the shallow foundations. Finally the concepts of the suggested method to calculate the bearing capacity under shallow foundations by ultimate limit state theory and a review for all the needed curves for all types of soil and the theoretical analysis give these curves.

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