Synthesis of Silicone oil and Application on Knit and Woven Cotton Dyed Fabrics [ ]

Silicone oil have wide spread applications in textile dyeing and finishing. In this paper four different samples of Silicone oil softeners were synthesized on the basis of a new recipe with different chemical ratio and each of them used on dyed and white cotton fabrics of knit and woven. Several tests have been done on Silicone oil like ionic surfactant test, solid content test, stability test etc. Although, several tests were done on the Silicone oil treated dyed and white knit and woven fabrics. From the test result of fastness test, color strength test, tensile strength test, Whiteness test etc. it has come out that it increases the fabric softness, flexibility, absorbency, increase abrasion resistance, crease recovery, gives excellent fastness properties etc. It can endow the textiles with soft, fluffy style. Proper stability and durability can reduce the problem of the roller sticky, floating oil. It is colorless and transparent thick liquid and easy to dilute. It has the excellent affinity to all kinds of fabrics including cotton knit fabrics, woven cotton fabrics, jute etc. The overall results come out with great prospect for silicone oil “Sample C” in textile finishing.