Study the Causes of Biodiversity Degradation and their impacts on Wildlife in a Sacred Grove Nai-Ka-Nath, Bassi, Jaipur Rajasthan [ ]

Biodiversity is the variety of all species on our planet. It includes different plants, animals, birds and micro-organisms, their genes, their habitats and all the ecosystems (forests, grass-lands, lacks, ponds, rivers, wet-lands etc.). Sacred groves are the fine example of in-situ conservation of biodiversity. Sacred groves are forest fragments, which are protected by religious communities, and have a significant religious connotation for the protecting community. Sacred groves are lost due to, anthropogenic interventions like shifting cultivation, overexploitation of forest produce, cattle grazing and changes in land use by converting forests to monoculture plantations agricultural lands and dwelling sites. Nai-Ka-Nath sacred grove situated in Jaipur district of the state of Rajasthan. The sacred grove has rich biodiversity. Several plants and animals that are threatened in the nearby areas are still well conserved in this grove. A historical temple of Bhagwan Shiva is situated in Nai-Ka-Nath grove and surrounded by hills. Due to anthropogenic activities like grazing, herb collection, timber and firewood collection, mining, pollution etc. the grove is facing the problem of degradation. These activities have been continuing ever since man started cultivation and exploitation of natural resources for livelihood. Due to these activities floral species like Gloriosa superba, Tinospora cordifolia, Ganoderma lucidum, Sida cordifolia, Commiphora wightii, Tribulus terrestris, Asparagus racemosus etc. and faunal species like Canis aureus, Hyaena hyaena, Canis lupus pallipes, Vulpes bengalensis, Hystrix indica, Naja naja, Psittacula cyanocephala, Coracias benghalensis, Pitta brachyura etc, are verge of extinction in Nai-Ka-Nath area. In this research we are trying to find the problems of the area, causes of biodiversity loss and their effects on wildlife.