Corrosion control in oil and gas pipelines [ ]

Corrosion is the main problem affecting the pipeline system in the United States. Briefly, corrosion refers to the destructive reaction of a metal with its environment. It takes place in the presence of a supportive medium, which is referred to as an electrolyte. Corrosion leads to problems such as leakages that lead to disasters such as fires and explosions. Therefore, it affects the safety concerns and standards held in oil and gas pipelines. There are different ways of preventing or controlling corrosion that mostly focus on the prevention of contact between the pipes and the medium or environment that leads to corrosion. Oil and gas pipes are made of low-carbon steel, which makes them susceptible to corrosion. The fatal consequences of corrosion reinforces the need to engage in constant monitoring, which aims at identifying the presence and extent of corrosion. This paper focuses on the specifics of corrosion in oil and gas pipelines, which will include a discussion of the reasons for corrosion, disadvantages and the methods of inspecting corrosion. The discussion will seek the views of different sources and individuals regarding different aspects of corrosion in oil and gas pipelines under analysis.