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Polling System Using GSM Facility
« on: November 23, 2011, 06:52:34 am »
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Author : Hemlata Sahu, Anupam Choudhray
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 10, October-2011
ISSN 2229-5518
Download Full Paper : PDF

Abstract
Voting is the foundation of a democratic system of government, whether the system uses direct or representative governance. In democratic societies, voting is an important tool to collect and reflect people’s opinions.In the existing voting method to select a candidate in the election such as presidential election, the assembly election, or local election, electorates go to the designated polling places and have to be identified to cast their votes, and finally voters cast their ballot. Voters should registered on a poll book, this procedure takes the long amount of time consumed on voting and counting of votes. In this paper, an electronic voting scheme using GSM mobile technology is presented. By integrating an electronic voting scheme with the GSM infrastructure, we are able to exploit existing GSM authentication mechanisms and provide enhanced voter authentication and mobility while maintaining voter privacy.

Keyword: Global System For mobile Communication, Authentication, Mobility, Electronic voting systems, mobile networking.
 
1INTRODUCTION
ELECTIONS allow people to express their opinions and choose their representatives. In democratic societies, voting is an important tool to collect and reflect people’s opinions. The election system must be sufficiently robust to withstand a variety of faulty behaviors and comprehensible that voters and candidates can accept the results of an election. [1][2].Due to the importance of the election process, it is thought that it can be represented electronically in a secure manner; this leaded to finding a way to do to grantee this requirements. Electronic voting developed to achieve requirements of election process with a relative high degree of security and accuracy. E voting is an election system that uses electronic ballots that would allow voters to transmit their voted ballot to election officials over the Internet and it means the casting of a secure and secret electronic ballot that is transmitted to election officials using the Internet. The usage of electronic voting has several benefits and solves many problems that exist in the traditional systems.In the presidential election, the election of member of the national assembly, the head of local government election, and others, a voter can cast vote after going to the designated polling place and checking his identity. This makes man directly to count the ballots and counting of votes to be long. Therefore, this voting is a reason to reduce voting rate since voters always should go to the polling place.
The e voting System must guarantee the following items       
 • Eligibility and Authentication: Only authorized voters should be able to vote.
• Uniqueness: No voter should be able to vote more than one time.
• Accuracy: Election systems should record the votes correctly.
• Integrity: Votes should not be able to be modified, forged, or deleted without detection.
• Verifiability: It should be possible to verify that all votes have been correctly accounted for in the final election tally, and there should be reliable and demonstrably authentic election records.
• Reliability: Election systems should work robustly, without loss of any votes, even in the face of numerous failures, including failures of voting machines and total loss of Internet communication.
• Secrecy: No one should be able to determine how any individual voted, and voters should not be able to prove how they voted (which would facilitate vote-selling coercion).
• Flexibility: Election equipment should allow for a variety of ballot question formats is compatible with a variety of standard platforms and technologies and be accessible to people with disabilities.
• Convenience: voters should be able to cast votes quickly with minimal equipment or skills.
• Testability: Election systems should be testable so that election officials have confidence that they meet the necessary criteria.
• Transparency: Voters should be able to possess a general knowledge and understanding of the voting process.
• Cost-effectiveness: Election systems should be affordable and efficient.
2 TYPES OF E- VOTING
There are many types of E-voting systems; namely poll-site voting, Kiosk voting and remote electronic voting. A brief overview for each type is given in the following section
A. Poll-site Voting
This type of electronic voting takes place when voters personally attend a specific place to cast their votes, usually through electronic devices such as touch screen voting terminals. The identity of the voter is verified with conventional methods (IDs, Passports …etc.). An example of this type can be shown in figure 1.1 (a). The main disadvantage of such system is that the voter should go to dedicated place for voting.
B. Kiosk Voting
Kiosk voting is one of the common voting methods where voting machines would be located away from traditional polling places, in such convenient locations as malls, libraries or schools. The voting platforms would still be under the Control of election officials, and the physical environment could be modified as needed and monitored to address security and privacy concerns, and prevent coercion or other forms of intervention. Kiosk voting terminals pose more challenges than Poll site systems, but most of the challenges could, at least in
Principle, be resolved through extensions of current technology. An example of this type can be shown in figure 1.1 (b).[8]
C. Remote Electronic Voting
This type of electronic voting takes place when voters cast their vote from any location with access to the Internet via mobile telephone, PCs, PDAs, etc. The methods, which can be used to identify the voter, are via digital signature, biometrics, PIN codes, etc. An example of this type can be shown in figure 1.1 (c).
   
Fig. 1.1: Types of Polling
I want to propose a polling system that allows a voter to cast their vote using a unique mobile id. A voter can cast their vote more easily and conveniently than the existing e-voting machine, within the schedule led time anywhere even when a voter is not able to go to the polling place

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