Author Topic: 'Women's Education and Social Transformation' with Th Special Reference to the R  (Read 2857 times)

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Author : Beena Dominic , Dr.C.Amritha Jothi
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 10, October-2011
ISSN 2229-5518
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Abstract— Social Transformation is the process of change or the formation of value system in the fullest sence. Globilization has presented new challenges in the realization of the goal of transforming women and now women transformation has become the sloganand motto of many social reformers, governmental agencies and voluntary organization. There is a long cherished wish among all the women to have better avenues in life in order to lead the life in a more fruitful way. The paper deeply goes through the historical trends on women’s education in Kerala and analyzes how we can transform women to applying education. The study tries to explore the theoretical approach of women’s education and social transformation and assess the role of missionaries in women’s education. The prime aim of this review is to provide a historical framework of women’s education and social transformation and to generate new approach about education on the histoirical point of view. The analytical and theoretical techniques are used for preparing this work. The review throws light in analyzing the concept ‘Social Transformation’through education by incorporating all divergent views with suffient logical reasoning. It also explains the problems faced and the possibilities ahead on achieving women’s transformation.

Index Terms— Christian missionaries, Globalization, Social Transfomation, Women’s education.

1   INTRODUCTION                                                                     
Social transformation  of women is a crucial factor in the sus-tainable development of a nation. It is a global issue being discussed in the forefront of many formal and informal campaigns. Since women constitute nearly half of the population, their contribution to the education is of great importance in the building of a nation. The most prominent feature of the 19th century Kerala was the revival of education on entirely new line which transformed the society of Kerala from medievalism to modernism. The education among women was one of the main items of the educational programme in the 19th and the following centuries. Here Christian missionaries played a vital role to transform women folk through education. Education can help to aware of their situations and ignorance of life, which enhance them to criticize in practical point of view. Thus they try to overcome the hurdles of life and forming their personalities in qualitative level.

2. Theoretical Frame work of Social transformation
   In this section there are number of theories and edu-cational innovations to explore the relationship between education and social transformation
   Paulo Freire (1921- 1997), the Brazilian educationalist has left a significant mark on thinking about this concept. Freire assume that the learners must understand their own reality as part of their learning activity. In his well known work ‘Pedagogy of the Oppressed’, he refers to traditional role learning as a banking system where students store deposits of knowledge made by the teacher (Freire Paulo, 1970). Through the liberation
 and education, he aims to narrow the gap between the teacher and the student thus increasing the students’ creative power. Central to this model is open communication and earnest dialogue between the student and the teacher. This challenges the teacher to demonstrate their humanity and that they are not ‘above’ the student. In problem-posing education, people develop their power to perceive critically the way they exist in the world in which they find themselves, they come to see the world not as at static in reality, but as a reality in process, in transformation.
According to Sri Ghose Aurobindo (1872- 1950) the Indian born and Cambridge educated scholar, with the transformation and growth of the individual, society would in turn transformation and evolve (Peeter Heechs,1989).To Mahatma Gandhi, truth, non-violence and passive resistance were successfully used as an instrument of social and political transformation. He believed that education can play an effective role in developing a whole some human personality capable of resisting war, violence, injustice and oppression and building a social order where in man can live in peace and harmony with others.(Rajput J.S, 1998).

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